The families that remained in Hilo through 200 years of travails, in some cases rebuilding the town multiple times, have a special connection to town and surrounding land.  They are tough people that have withstood many hardships and prevailed. Due to the destruction and loss of life in 1946, a territory wide Tsunami Warning system was installed in 1948.  This system successfully warned of a 1952 and 1957 tsunami.Â. They take the time to have deep conversations about life and the world. Davies exited the sugar business in 1984 by selling Hamakua Sugar Co. to one of its executives.  The late 1950s brought numerous union slowdowns, walkouts, and shutdowns to Pepeekeo.  Pepeekeo and Hakalau sugar companies merged in 1963. A&B acquired 94 percent of Matson, buying out the other three firms for $22 million. Lovecraft Historical Society is an international organization for fans of the author H.P. Eruption activity shifted downrift and a period of continuous activity began. In Laupahoehoe Point waves destroyed teacher’s residences and flooded school grounds, killing 25 students and teachers.Â, The Department of Justice sued to challenge the majority ownership of Matson Navigation by four of the Big 5. Historical Society of Washington, D.C. None See also. All events are free and open to the public. For many Japanese immigrants, most of whom had worked their own family farms back home, the relentless toil and impersonal scale of industrial agriculture was unbearable, and thousands fled to the mainland before their contracts were up. Many of these programs are free to visitors and students, thanks to our thriving community of members. On August 21, 1959 Hawaii became the 50th State of the United States by proclamation of Dwight D. Eisenhower.   The 50 star flag became the 27th flag of the US on July 4, 1960. Historical Society in Hilo, HI 1. The Hawaiian Historical Society German immigrant Heinrich Hackfeld and his brother in law founded H. Hackfeld & Co. which became an agent of sugar plantations. Metcalf  Plantation, was started on the outskirts of Hilo at Kaupakuea by Theophilus Metcalf and the first sugar cane crop was harvested in 1859. Hilo, HI 96720 2. Improvements have continued since its opening and the theater has a steady calendar of events and movies. History of Mauna Loa Eruptions, Honolulu Star Bulletin "Businesses that built Hawaii, Article on C Brewers & Co relocation to Hilo, The Seattle Times, “A little Hilo history”, Hawaii Plantation & Industrial Museum Hilo. The British blockaded Hawaii for 2 years as a result of the War of 1812. We’d be happy to show you around. Upstairs is a history of the Polynesians and Hawaiians and many artifacts. These factors are similar to those you might use to determine which business to select from a local Yellow Pages directory, including proximity to where you are searching, expertise in the specific services or products you need, and comprehensive business information to help evaluate a business's suitability for you. The Historical Society’s public lecture series was on hiatus in 2020 due to the public health crisis, but meetings will resume virtually in 2021. Our member, retail, and fundraising organization supports and promotes Kansas history through the Kansas Historical Society, a state agency. Suggest a Site. The Society produces motion pictures, audio dramas, musical projects, publications, prop replicas and much more - all of which take Lovecraft’s creations to a whole new level. The theater has an enormous organ that is played in many of their events. Great Depression.   As a result of the Depression, 7,300 workers were repatriated to the Philippines. Search results are sorted by a combination of factors to give you a set of choices in response to your search criteria. The dancers give you eye contact, the music is uplifting, and the scent of the leis and colors fill your senses. Dorband-Howe House Museum Address: 2035 West 183rd Street, Homewood, IL 60430 708-799-1896 homewoodhistorical.illinois@gmail.com Facebook: @realhomewoodhistorical The Hawaii constitution was modified.  Called the Bayonet Constitution, the house of Nobles for the first time had to be elected and reduced the Kings veto power. The company's mailing address is P O Box 6971, Hilo, HI 96720. Coffee Times Legend of Hilo Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the Broome County Historical Society had to change their monthly meetings and programs from in-person to online. Helen Wong Smith was elected HHS president on May 9 in Honolulu, and Ian Birnie resumes his position as vice president after a year-long hiatus. The Pepeekeo Sugar Company’s annual sugar yield was 8,000 tons processed by a 9-roller mill with a capacity to grind 60 tons of cane per day. The Kuwahara store was one of the few structures on the ocean side of Kamehameha Ave in Hilo to survive. In Hawaii fewer than 1,800 Japanese Americans were taken into custody compared to the 100,000 on the mainland. Steeped in history, this region has played host to exploration, revolution, and industry. Five kingdom-era corporations benefited from annexation of Hawaii by growing to huge conglomerations overnight:Castke & Cooke, Alexander & Baldwin, C. Brewer & Co, Amfac, and Theo H. Davis & Co.Together, the companies ruled the Hawaiian economy as the “Big Five”. My research focuses on Shinmachi but is not limited to that area. It also has an impressive set of displays about the formation of the Hawaiian islands and its volcanos. It holds workshops, music events, plays, arts shows every month. YP - The Real Yellow PagesSM - helps you find the right local businesses to meet your specific needs. “Preferred” listings, or those with featured website buttons, indicate YP advertisers who directly provide information about their businesses to help consumers make more informed buying decisions. From 1911 to 1920, an estimated 3,000 Filipino workers arrived yearly. Hawaii Volcano Observatory founded by Thomas Jaggar from MIT and Frank Perret. Moultrie County Historical Society. From Business: This 182-acre park contains the Puuhonua, a sacred place of refuge, as well as other temples and coastal sites. Plantation workers were legally bound by 3- to 5-year labor contracts, and "deserters" could be jailed. By 1909, 639 Filipino workers had come to Hawaii and by 1910, there were 2,915.  The territory economy was based on sugar and pineapple. The Territory of Hawaii was created on July 7, 1898 when congress passed the Newlands Resolution.  Contract labor was forbidden and children born on the island were American citizens. Lava originating from a central lava lake (Kupaianaha) flowed to the ocean through a network of lava tubes. Hilo had a wide beach and another row of downtown storefronts and railroad tracks that brought sugar to the wharves that reached from town into the bay. Native Hawaiians and Polynesians have called the island of Hawaii their home for a long time; most references say since 1100.   Chinese, Japanese, Filipinos, Koreans, and Portuguese in Hilo were recruited long before Hawaii was a State or even a territory of the United States as contract workers on sugarcane plantations. They have lectures and special displays. A new eruption series began at Pu'u 'O'o-Kupaianaha on the island of Hawai'i. The Tsunami Warning system had been established for over 10 years and residents stopped taking the warnings as seriously.  On May 23, 1960, Hilo was hit with another tidal wave that left 537 buildings in ruins and 61 dead despite the warning system. By 1923 indigenous Hawaiians population had dwindled to 16%.  The largest percentage of Hawaii’s population was Japanese. The center has 3 art galleries and 2 theaters. US-based fruit and sugar plantations in Hawaii started recruiting Japanese immigrants, as laborers for the sugar cane and pineapple plantation sending agents to Japan to sign long-term contracts with young men.Â. EAST HAWAII HISTORICAL SOCIETY. Homesteaders near Hilo were using 625 acres to grow cane that was processed at the Pepeekeo Sugar Company mill.  Eucalyptus trees were planted as windbreaks, protecting the fields near the ohia forests.   The Waiaama stream and Kauku Hill provided water and turned a water wheel to generate power. The Wilton Historical Society Museum is currently closed to visitors. Central Christian Church is a wonderful church to be part of the Family of God.\r \r The church is multi-ethnic and diverse church, open to the…, From Business: The Smithsonian-affiliated Lyman Museum tells the story of Hawaii’s islands and people through its exhibits on Hawaii’s volcanic origins, flora and fauna found…, From Business: Tsunami history and education for the the state of Hawaii as well as exhibits of the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, 2011 Japan tsunami and other locally generated…. The law also restricted immigration to the U.S. to only fifty Filipinos each year. They have a collection of historical displays about the Chinese, Japanese, Koreans and Filipinos that migrated to Hawaii. Hawaii National Park established. The company's filing status is listed as Inv. The theater has an enormous organ that is played in many of their events. The Filipino History site The sugar mills at Wainaku and Hakalau were closed and the Pepeekeo mill was modernized to double its capacity. C. Brewer, was one of the state's largest agricultural companies and moved its offices to a former sugar mill on a 10.34-acre site at Wainaku Point, overlooking Hilo Bay.Â. Indigenous Hawaiians made up 97% of the islands population. The State Historical Society of Iowa has been a trustee of Iowa’s historical legacy since 1857. In March 1946  Hanomu Sugar Co. merged with Pepeekeo, but Pepeekeo Sugar showed a loss of $141,430, the first loss in 10 years. Northwestern Hawaiian Islands Marine National Monument, Pu'uhonua o Hōnaunau National Historical Park, American Society Prevention of Cruelty to Animals - ASPCA, Marriage, Family, Child & Individual Counselors. The strike ended after a six month standoff by which time the workers received increased wages, abolishment of wage differentials, and changes in the bonus system. Independent Historical Societies; A History of the Genealogical Society of Utah. Lyman Museum. Pacific Tsunami Museum Inc. Hilo, HI 96720 4. By the early 1900s a number of wharves had been constructed, the breakwater was begun, and a new railroad system designated Hilo as a center of commerce. Chinese arrived in Hawaii. Honpa Hongawnji Hilo Betsuin President Wilson signed the bill into law, creating the country's 12th national park. After our first Merrie Monarch, we were hooked. According to the 1940 census there were 126,000 Japanese-Americans in the mainland U.S., 67% of whom were U.S. citizens by birth. Trade in sandalwood had completely collapsed and Hawaiian forests were exhausted through continuous pillaging of the forests without protecting the young trees.  The companies cooperated to keep prices of their products high and the extent of power that they enjoyed was considered by some as equivalent to an oligarchy. Kamehameha the Great completed the unification of Hawaii beginning the transformation from a feudal society to a constitutional monarchy. At its peak Amfac owned 60,000 acres of land and was a dominate sugar company and founder of Liberty House department stores. is a general Silent Hill fan site with the latest news on the new games, movies, interviews and even a podcast from the point of view of a long time fan!. Merrie Monarch Hula Festival was created in 1964 to perpetuate, preserve and promote the art of hula.  In 1971 the event became competitive and now the yearly performances are usually sold-out and attended by people from all over the world and broadcast on statewide television. Â, Merrie Monarch event displaying Hula talent in Hilo. Initially, internees from Hilo were kept at the Kilauea Military Camp on the Island of Hawaii. Please contact the business for updated hours/services due to the COVID-19 advisory. Alexander & Baldwin (later known as one of Hawaii’s Big5) was founded by sons of medical missionaries that came to Hawaii in 1831.  They purchased land to grow sugar cane. THE HAWAIIAN HISTORICAL SOCIETY, established in 1892, is a private non-profit organization created by a group of prominent citizens dedicated to preserving historical materials, presenting public lectures, and publishing scholarly research on the history of Hawai’i. Greenwell Store Museum and Kona Coffee Living History Farm. List of historical societies; Lists of U.S. state topics; External links This page was last edited on 20 February 2020, at 18:36 (UTC). Polynesians arrived in the Hilo area. Hawaii Center for Oral History Hilo soon became a stopping place for whaling ships, traders, and explorers curious about the active volcanoes. Shipman House history C. Brewer & Co. relocated its corporate headquarters from downtown Honolulu to Hilo. The Tydings-McDuffie Law was passed creating the Philippine Commonwealth, a ten year transition government prior to Philippine independence. On his return, in 1789, he stopped in Hawaii bringing with him 50 Chinese carpenters, several whom stayed on the Big Island under the charge of Kamehameha the 1st. The Hilo Besuin Buddhist worship was built in Hilo.  Hilo Betsuin is the oldest Shin organization in the West. Below is a list of current volunteer opportunities, most of … Japanese and Filipino labor leaders staged a strike on Oahu. Lovecraft. Discover the past of Hilo on historical maps. Kona Historical Society H.N. When the town was rebuilt, a large park and roadway were situated between the buildings and the shoreline to absorb future tidal waves. Didn't find what you were looking for? Plantation fields were connected by good dirt roads and the harvested cane was delivered to the mill by railroad cars and 15 miles of stationary flumes. The Historic Palace Theater in downtown Hilo was originally built in 1925 and considered the grandest outer Island movie hall in Hawaii. It was closed in 1982, but purchased in 1990 and refurbished with private, state and county funding, finally opening in 1998. They paid the Filipinos the lowest wage among the different ethnic groups in the plantation and since the Philippines was a U.S. colony and the Filipinos were technically U.S. nationals due to their colonial status, from the legal standpoint it was practical to hire Filipinos since they were not covered by the exclusion laws barring their importation. The result was that land ownership started transferring to European and American planters. An industry-wide strike, higher labor costs, unfavorable weather, and the April tidal wave that destroyed the railroad and terminals in Hilo added to the problems of 1946. We have found the people in Hilo to be very generous and kind and love the diversity of the people and their amazing experiences. Hawaii Plantations and subsidiaries Five 18th and 19th century buildings, 12 period rooms, exhibitions and a Colonial herb garden. Hilo has suffered earthquakes, lava flows and tsunamis, some of them devastating.  After major disasters, many Hilo residents left not able to deal with having to rebuild the town. The Merrie Monarch festival was formed in Hilo to preserve the art of hula.  The festival is named after King Dave Kalakaua.  The company was later to become the foundation of Amfac, later known as one of Hawaii’s Big 5). Lyman Museum and Missionary House is in a 1839 missionary home in Hilo, The house has been maintained as close to possible as it was when the Lyman's lived in it and regular tours take you through the house. Check out the best museums in Hilo to visit in 2021. In 1956, due to the increase in mechanical harvesting, the Pepeekeo Sugar company labor force of 460 was reduced to 400. As such, competition between Matson and other water carriers was limited, violating anti-merger and restraint-of-trade laws, the feds said.   The lawsuit was settled under a consent decree that barred the four companies from sharing officers, executives and directors. Subaru Telescope. The Box Hill Historical Society is affiliated with the Royal Historical Society of Victoria and is a member of the Association of Eastern Historical Societies. Lymans is the type of place worth visiting several times. The military ruled Hawaii until October 24, 1944. Chinese immigrants are credited with being the first in Hawaii to refine sugar. The Kona Historical Society fulfills our mission to collect, preserve, and share Kona’s stories and unique sense of place through our many programs, both online and in-person. The Historic Palace Theater in downtown Hilo was originally built in 1925 and considered the grandest outer Island movie hall in Hawaii. These are extraordinary times, and our lives have been forever changed due to the COVID-19 pandemic. "The Hawaii Tropical Botanical Gardens halfway the drive are a must-see if you like tropical plants and flowers, and are one of our favorite short hikes on the Big Island." May 21, 2017 - I am a historian conducting research on how people in Hilo rebuilt their lives after the tsunamis of 1946 and 1960. East Hawaii Historical Society is a Hawaii Domestic Non-Profit Corporation filed on October 26, 1995. Dissolved and its File Number is 102104 D2. The Mahele of 1848 divided the land between the King, the nobles (ali’i) and the people and for the first time permitted private ownership of the land. To join, download the membership form below. Castle & Cooke began to face financial troubles and merged with Flexi-Van corp, a transportation leasing company.  In 1991 the company was renamed to Dole Food Company and in 1995 Dole Food Company was purchased by David Murdock who has converted pineapple plantations to exclusive resorts, particularly on Lanai, where he owns about 95% of the island. Come on in to learn more about the history of Moultrie County or give us a call. The Hawaiian Sugar cane plantations lobbied the U.S. Congress and were able to gain exemption from the law which guaranteed a steady Filipino labor supply until the onset of World War II. Coffee Farm Open Mondays through Fridays from 10 am – 2 pm (808) 323-2006 The Japanese-Americans workers were crucial to the sugar and pineapple plantations.  The 1800 interned Hawaiian Japanese-Americans were prominent in the community or otherwise thought to be some sort of risk. The eruption has also added more than 280 acres of new land to Hawai'i island and continues today to change the shape of the coastline, General Lyman Field airport is changed to Hilo International Airport (ITO). The workday was long, the labor exhausting, and, both on the job and off, the workers' lives were strictly controlled by the plantation owners. The eruption began with 47 episodes of spectacular high fountains, most lasting a day or less and occurring at 3-4 week intervals. Since then they have had much anticipated interest in … Kamehameha set up an agreement with Boston ship captains to export sandalwood from Hawaii to China with Kamehameha receiving 25% of the profits. Willie Shipman bought a mansion in Hilo, where his wife, Mary, had guests that included Lili’uokalani, the last queen of Hawaii and the famous author Jack London. The Metcalf plantation outside of Hilo was purchased and the name changed to Pepeekeo Sugar Company. October 14, 1889 Pepeekeo Sugar Company was incorporated, with H. Hackfeld & Co. as agents. The Hawaiian Monarchy is overthrown precipitated by Queen Lili’uokalani’s proposed new constitution to restore power for the monarchy to appoint the house of nobles and veto constitutional amendments. Unlike the mainland, people here have traveled widely and in most cases have two or more cultures integrated into their family life. A Longshore strike lasted 6 months and crippled the Territory of Hawaii’s economy. 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