Jonah 3:8, NLT: "People and animals alike must wear garments of mourning, and everyone must pray earnestly to God. Clarke's Bible Commentary - Jonah 3:8 Verse 8. Read Jonah 4:10 - 'Webster's Bible' translation - Then said the LORD, Thou hast had pity on the gourd, for which thou hast not labored, neither made it grow; which came up in a night, and perished in a night: and Exploring the Meaning of Jonah 4 3 Then the word of the Lord came to Jonah a second time: 2 “Go to the great city of Nineveh and proclaim to it the message I give you.” 3 Jonah obeyed the word of the Lord and went to Nineveh. Meaning: Studies in the Literary Techniques in the Book of Jonah (Sheffield: Almond P, 1983), 39-54; Stuart, Hosea ... (4:1-2); and the prophet is angry with God (4:3, 8). for his soul to die, and said, My death would be better than my living. 3 So Jonah arose and went to Nineveh according to the word of the Lord. A visit required three days. Jonah 3 New King James Version (NKJV) Jonah Preaches at Nineveh. Which must be a better response to God’s mercy, than how Jonah responded. I pray that You would work in my life and little by little replace my stubborn will with Your better plans and purpose. But let man and beast be covered with sackcloth As the king was, and the people also were; and this order enjoined the same to the beasts, horses, and camels, whose rich trappings were to be taken off, and sackcloth put upon them, for the greater solemnity, of the mourning; as at this day, at the funerals of great persons, not only the horses which draw the hearse and mourning, coaches are covered with black velvet, to make the solemnity more awful: but others are led, clothed in like manner: and cry mightily unto God; which clause stands so closely connected with the former, as if it respected beasts as well as men, who sometimes are said to cry for food in times of drought and distress, ( Joel 1:20 ) ; and who here might purposely be kept from food and drink, that they might cry, and so the more affect the minds of the Ninevites, in their humiliation and abasement; but men are principally meant, at least who were to cry unto God intensely and earnestly, with great ardour, fervency, and importunity; not only aloud, and with a strong voice, but with their whole heart, as Kimchi and Ben Melech interpret it; heartily, sincerely, and devoutly, for the averting divine wrath, and the pardon of their sins, and the sparing of their city: yea, let them turn everyone from his evil way; as well knowing that fasting and prayer would be of no avail, without leaving everyone their sinful courses, and reforming their life and manners: and from the violence that [is] in their hands: their rapine and oppression, their thefts and robberies, and preying upon the substance of others; which seem to be the reigning vices of this city, in doing which many murders were committed also; see ( Nahum 3:1 ) ; the Jewish writers interpret this of making restitution for rapine and violence, which is a genuine fruit of repentance; see ( Luke 19:8 ) . Our new life in Christ cannot be felt or fully explained. They must turn from their evil ways and stop all their violence." Now Nineveh was a very large city; it took three days to go through it. Faint prayer pierces not beyond the clouds. Jonah 1:6. Jonah 3:8. but let man and beast be covered with sackcloth, and let them call out mightily to God. A visit required three days. The Holy Spirit is in the world quietly and unceasingly convicting every unbeliever of sin, of righteousness and of judgement, but when trust in Christ's sacrificial work on the cross is realised, and unbelief is replaced with faith - the invisible indiscernible, unfathomable work of the Holy Spirit results in the invisible indiscernible, unfathomable mystery of the new birth. Jonah knew this was a consequence of his sin and rebellion at rejecting God's commission. Təwatray-nin, ehan-nak di zəddigan daɣ-as təssəsama. Now Nineveh was an exceeding great city of three days' journey. And having begun in the Spirit we are to continue in the Sprit. 2 Consequently, when Jonah preached, “within 40 days Nineveh will be overturned,” 3 they believed in god (note “god” not “Yahweh”). They turned from their evil way: see Jonah 3:8: they did heartily, presently, and universally turn from the ways of impiety against God, of injustice against man, from the ways of luxury and pride, from all their violence against man; without this all the rest had been not … On the first day Jonah started into the city (3:4). However, it goes unanswered, and the request and reply will be repeated in vv. It cannot be commanded at ones whim, or earned through good works. This study aims to search out the meaning of the sign of Jonah in Matthew, Luke and “Q”. What’s amazing about this story is not the fact that a man was swallowed by a fish and survived. All rights reserved. Jonah 2:1-10; Jonah 3:8,9. Heavenly Father, thank You that I am born again by the indiscernible, unfathomable work of the Spirit deep within. As the king was, and the people also were; and this order enjoined the same to the beasts, horses, and camels, whose rich trappings were to be taken off, and sackcloth put upon them, for the greater solemnity, of the mourning; as at this day, at the funerals of great persons, not only the horses which draw the hearse and mourning, coaches are … Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. We are to live our life in spirit and truth.. to walk in the spirit and to pray in the spirit as guided by Him.. and as we bow to His leading and guiding.. promptings and training, so the indiscernible, unfathomable movement of the Spirit of God, can be observed in the man or woman, whose life is yielded to the Lord. Jonah 3:10. Note the contrast between Jonah’s stubbornness and exaggerated frustration, asking to end his life (1:17; 4:3, 8-9), contrast to pagan sailors who revere the sanctity of human life, and fear God. Now Nineveh was an exceeding great city of three days' journey. Later in the story, the Ninevite king dramatically rises from his throne and declares everyone to repent, fast, and put on ashes and sackcloth, a common mourning practice in the ancient Near East; indeed, even the animals fast and put on mourning clothes (a far less common practice, Jonah 3:8)! The end of this psalm shows Jonah doing what the sailors had done earlier, namely, offering a sacrifice and making vows ( Jonah 1:16). Jonah 3:8. of Now again the word of the Lord came to Jonah telling him to go to Nineveh, but this time Jonah obeyed and went (3:3). Which must be a better response to God’s mercy, than how Jonah responded. “Responses to Mercy” ~ Jonah 3:8 – 4:11 May 29, 2020 — jwwealand . Jonah 3:8. Jonah 3:8 Parallel Verses ... What mean you, O sleeper? . He had a vital role to play in allowing God’s mercy to be manifest. The texts are investigated with special attention to the textual and historical backgrounds of the authors and their intended readers. The dissertation consists of five chapters. Let everyone turn from his evil way and from the violence that is in his hands. He likened the invisible, unpredictable movement of the wind, which can only be observed by the swishing of grass, the swaying of trees or the eerie howl from the rafters of a house.. with the indiscernible, unfathomable Spirit of God, which can only be observed in the life of a believer by a lifestyle change, a more godly attitude and a more gracious behaviour. If there was any chance of Jonah expressed repentance after Jonah 1–2, there are no fruits in keeping with that repentance in Jonah 3–4 (cf. This is a nuance, but one wonders if there is a distinction between the normal turning to pagan deities in sackcloth and a thorough-going repentance of the king’s command. 4 Jonah began by going a day’s journey into the city, proclaiming, “Forty more days and Nineveh will be overthrown.” 5 The Ninevites believed God. But let man H120 and beast H929 be covered H3680 with sackcloth, H8242 and cry H7121 mightily H2394 unto God: H430 yea, let them turn H7725 every one H376 from his evil H7451 way, H1870 and from the violence H2555 that is in their hands. Let man and beast be covered] This was done that every object which they beheld might deepen the impression already made, and cause them to mourn after a godly sort. And I pray that You who have started a good work in me would continue until the day of Christ Jesus, AMEN. Scripture says that Nineveh was a very important city. Salvation is of the Lord - All deliverance from danger, preservation of life, recovery from sickness, and redemption of the soul from the power, guilt, and pollution of sin, is from Jehovah. 8 But let man and beast be covered with sackcloth, and cry mightily to God; yes, e let every one turn from his evil way and from f the violence that is in his hands. Jonah 3:8-10 This is a really cool example in the scriptures of repentance. Their cry included fasting & sackcloth! Our new life in Christ is the supernatural work of the Holy Spirit in the very heart of a believer, by faith. Hence, the reader is left with the impression that Jonah is a bitter man, whose anger will destroy him unless he truly repents. Go to Parallel Hebrew ... Jonah 1:6,14 So the shipmaster came to him, and said to him, What mean you, O … Psalm 130:1,2 Out of the depths have I cried to you, O LORD… let. The people of Nineveh were amazing in their ability to accept a genuine faith and make an “earnest cry” 3:8. Jonah 3:8, CSB: "Furthermore, both people and animals must be covered with sackcloth, and everyone must call out earnestly to God. Once again, the people of God had been faithless, breaking their covenant with the Lord. God sent Jonah to preach to Nineveh, and although we know that Jonah got distracted on the way, he eventually arrived, and gave God's warning to the people: "Yet forty days, and Nineveh shall be overthrown" (Jonah 3:4). Some Christians object by quoting a particular verse out of context. There is a paradoxical recognition that the closer one comes to God, the more one becomes conscious of … Have we ever felt so moved by God’s mercy, that we would change our appearance and… Of interest is the wording to describe Nineveh. Compare Psalms 18:5, ‘the cords of Sheol were round about me, the snares of death came on me.’ 1 And the word of the LORD came unto Jonah the second time, saying,. 57:20). If there was any chance of Jonah expressed repentance after Jonah 1–2, there are no fruits in keeping with that repentance in Jonah 3–4 (cf. ג וַיָּ֣קָם יוֹנָ֗ה וַיֵּ֛לֶךְ אֶל־נִֽינְוֵ֖ה כִּדְבַ֣ר … His work is sovereign and just as the wind blows where it wishes and we sometimes hear its sound or perceive its movement in the swishing of grass or the swaying of trees, we do not know where it comes from.. nor do we know where it is going. Jonah 3:8 tn Heb “let them turn, a man from his evil way.” The shift from the plural verb וְיָשֻׁבוּ ( v e yashuvu , “and let them turn”) to the singular noun אִישׁ ( ʾish , “a man, each one”) and the singular suffix on מִדַּרְכּוֹ ( middarko , “from his way”) emphasizes that each and every person in … And in the last scene, Jonah’s anger is brought to light. And Jonah began to enter into the city a day's journey, and he cried, and said, Yet forty days, and … Read Jonah 2:8 - 'Tamajaq Portions' translation - Iman, as di-əggazan šin agamad, Amaɣlol as malallaya. Their cry included fasting & sackcloth! To get what Jonah 3:8 means based on its source text, scroll down or follow these links for the original scriptural meaning , biblical context and relative popularity. Jonah prayed for salvation in chapter 2, but against the Ninevite’s salvation in chapter 4. Let us be ready and willing to yield to his moving in our life and not seek to control His work, so that the love of Christ bears the fruit of the Spirit in each of our lives. Compiled & Edited by BST & Crosswalk Staff, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. When used in reference to past actions, שׁוּב (shub) can mean “to be sorry” or “to regret” that someone did something in the past, and when used in reference to future planned actions, it can mean “to change one’s mind” about doing something or “to relent” from sending judgment (BDB 997 s.v. The Book of Jonah is a larger-than-life story of every individual who seeks closeness with God. It is 'mighty crying,' as that of men thoroughly in earnest, which prevails. 8–9. Jonah Goes to Nineveh. But in Jonah’s case his meaning is brought out in Jonah 2:3. Jonah Jonah Flees the Presence of the Lord. 3 And Jonah arose and went to Nineveh according to the word of the Lord. Jonah 3:8-10 Context 3:8 Every person and animal must put on sackcloth and must cry earnestly 1 to God, and everyone 2 must turn from their 3 evil way of living 4 and from the violence that they do. He went down to g Joppa and found a ship going to f Tarshish. Jonah Flees the Presence of the Lord. It tells of a Hebrew prophet named Jonah son of Amittai who is sent by God to prophesy the destruction of Nineveh but tries to escape the divine mission. 18 sn Apparently Jonah hoped that he might have persuaded the Lord to “change his mind” again (see 3:8-10) and to judge Nineveh after all. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. Jonah 3:8. 4 Then Jonah began to go through the city one day's walk; and he cried out and said, "Yet forty days and Nineveh will be overthrown." “But let man and beast be covered with sackcloth, and cry mightily unto God: yea, let them turn every one from his evil way, and from the violence that is in their hands.” NASB, NRSV, Salem Media Group. The work of the Holy Spirit in the life of a believer may or may not be seen. Answer: In the book of Malachi, Israel was charged with the offense of robbing God. The Septuagint and Arabic versions prefix to this the word "saying", and take them to be, not the words of the king, but of the Ninevites; though very wrongly: or "who is he that knows"; which some connect with the next word, "he will return": that is, that knows the ways of repentance, he will return, as Kimchi and Ben Melech; or that knows that he has sinned, as … H3709. Jonah 3:8 וּסּכַּתְיִוְThis is a III-He verb. "Arise, go unto Nineveh, that great city, and preach unto it the preaching that I bid thee." Now Nineveh was a very large city; it took three days to go through it. Jonah 3:9. Who can tell. Rated: G | Important. Now Nineveh was an exceedingly great city, [ a]a three-day journey in extent. 3:1 "the word of the Lord came to Jonah" This reflects 1:1. The surprising thing about it is that God had mercy on Jonah, indeed His steadfast love. At this point he did not know the fish was a means of his deliverance (cf. He alone is the Savior, he alone is the Deliverer; for all salvation is from the Lord. 1 Now the word of the L ord came to a Jonah the son of Amittai, saying, 2 “Arise, go to b Nineveh, that c great city, and call out against it, d for their evil 1 has come up before me.” 3 But Jonah e rose to flee to f Tarshish from the presence of the L ord. "Jonah deserved death, not deliverance. Each must turn from his evil ways and from his wrongdoing." Proud member Out of the depths I have cried to You, O LORD. God answered every one of the prayers except Jonah’s prayer recorded in chapter 4. * The Lord’s question is as unexpected as it is pithy. and Exploring the Meaning of Jonah 4 Like so many of His teachings, the Lord Jesus used a simple example from nature to teach a profound spiritual truth. Therefore, to view Jonah as praising God for his deliverance (2:3-9) seems out of place. 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