Available from: https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/history-of-cotton/, Recieve 100% plagiarism-Free paper just for 4.99$ on email, *Public papers are open and may contain not unique content. America is now the third largest producer of cotton with a total production in 2013 of 18 million bales. In 1892 it then had to deal with the devastating effects of the boll weevils that came up from Mexico. Cotton clothes - the safest clothes to wear, Cotton clothes make a comeback in America. By that time it had already costs the US cotton industry over $22 billion. To export a reference to this article please select a referencing style below: Sorry, copying is not allowed on our website. The mo… US cotton is still a major industry in America with over $100 billion dollars in revenue, but we are no longer the largest in the world. This is not an example of the work written by professional essay writers. Slaves, mostly from Africa, worked in the production of tobacco crops and later, cotton. We can custom edit this essay into an original, 100% plagiarism free essay. History of Cotton Timeline created by cate connor. This migration doubled the population of Mississippi (from 31,306 to 74,448) and that of Alabama to grow sixteen fold (from 9,046 to 144,317) between 1810 and 1820. The history of cotton manufacture in the United States commences wit h the organization of a factory at Beverly, Mass., in 1787. Are 100% cotton clothes really comfortable? March 5, 2013. Columbus discovered cotton in America. Historically, Cotton reached an all time high of 1349 in September of 2020. If you fit this description, you can use our free essay samples to generate ideas, get inspired and figure out a title or outline for your paper. Sea Island Cotton — a strain of cotton unique to the Lowcountry — served as a lucrative crop for local planters like the Elliott, Fripp, Barnwell, Heyward, Pope and Jenkins families. The History Of Sea Island Cotton In the 18th century, cotton truly was king in Beaufort. It is soft and fluffy and grows in a boll around the seeds of the cotton plant. Cotton came originally from the Aztec people south of them. The emancipation of America’s cotton-growing workers, however, raised the question of where the industrial world’s most important raw material would come from. The South was warmer than the central and New England colonies. Cotton increased 0.74 USd/Lbs or 1.07% since the beginning of 2020, according to trading on a contract for difference (CFD) that tracks the benchmark market for this commodity. This invention both spurred the Industrial Revolution in Britain and induced Southern planters in America to grow more cotton. We will occasionally send you account related emails. Now, let’s compare the hemp figures to “king cotton.” In 1892, 15,911,000 acres of cotton were grown in America; this increased to 34,985,000 acres in 1916. Cotton is a part of our daily lives from the time we dry our faces on a soft cotton towel in the morning until we slide between fresh cotton sheets at night. From 1892-1916 2.7 million tons/yr of cotton were produced, 10 times the amount of all other hemp fibers. The famous Egyptian cotton fabric is also linked back to this time in history. By its power we are transmuting whatever we choose into whatever we want.” James Hammond, speaking in the U.S. Senate five years later, was even more trenchant: “The slaveholding South is now the controlling power of the world. In order to grow properly, cotton requires a warm climate, so the American south is the ideal place for it to be harvested. Fragments of 4000-year-old cotton cloth have been found in Indus valley in Pakistan and in the coastal valleys of Peru. When Columbus discovered America in 1492, he found cotton growing in the Bahama Islands. The cotton boom (1800-1860) refers to the profit obtained through the production and trade of cotton in the nation. British textile manufactures were eager to buy all the cotton that the south produced. By clicking “Send”, you agree to our Terms of service and Privacy statement. In 1706, an enslaved West African man was purchased for the prominent Puritan minister Cotton Mather by his congregation. Most of the cotton grown in the very early days of America was kept at home for use around the home for making those homespun cotton clothes. We’ve got you covered. Cottonseed is believed to have been planted in Florida in 1556 and in Virginia in 1607. Descriptions of the native tribes in the USA Essay, Havana Convention - Convention on Maritime Neutrality Essay, John Fitzgerald Kennedy in major historic events Essay, The historians” portrayal of the 1950s and 1960s in the USA Essay. Cotton exports averaged about $9 million in value from 1803 to 1807, about 22% of the value of all exports; from 1815 to 1817 they averaged over $23 million, or 39% of the total; and from the mid 1830s to 1860s they accounted for more than half of the value of all exports. Want us to write one just for you? The cotton from the American south was shipped overseas so the English could spin it into clothing and text… Cotton seed are believed to have been planted in Florida in 1556 and in Virginia in 1607. Short-staple cotton had long been recognized as a crop ideally suited to southern soils and growing conditions, but it had one major drawback: the seeds were so difficult to remove from the lint that it took an entire day to hand-clean a single pound of cotton. The cotton industry was severely affected by the end of the Civil War. As one planter bragged in 1853, “Our Cotton is the most wonderful talisman in the world. The first evidence of cotton use was found in India and Pakistan, and dates from about 6,000 B.C. The production of cotton is an industry deeply rooted in the fabric of America's history, particularly in the south. By 1500, cotton was known generally throughout the world. It made it possible for the cotton industry in America to grow from an annual revenue of $150,000 to $8 million in the early 1800’s. In the 1730’s England began to spin cotton and developed a textile industry. Pakistan places fourth on the list with a production of 10.3 million bales a year. As the availability of ready to spin cotton grew, so did the textile industry in England which America was happy to supply. Attention! Retrieved 1 June 2013. How do I care for my 100% cotton clothes? This all changed when Eli Whitney invented the cotton Gin in 1793. Mather gave him the … Today, the world uses more cotton than any other fiber, with cotton being the leading cash crop in the U.S. The second map shows that slavery was concentrated in the Chesapeake and Carolina areas in 1790, where it was still principally associated with the growing of tobacco. He also started the first factory which used interchangable parts in manufacturing. In the 1730s, England began using American cotton as part of its clothing industry. The expansion of the cotton fabric trade did not begin until Alexander the Great invaded India and found it there in the 325 BC. How Did Cotton Become King and Make Slavery A Major American Institution? With a growing free black population in northern and border states, 95 percent of the country's African American population was enslaved in 1820. in India and the Americas. Cotton has been used by humans as far back as the most ancient civilisations but for Europeans, it was not until the age of exploration and maritime trade that the material became highly sought after. Because factories produced large amounts of goods, the north required less labor force; correspondingly, the north did not need slaves. This all changed with the invention of the Cotton Gin, which could remove the seeds of 50 pounds of cotton in a single day. Cotton production became popular in the inland regions of Georgia and South Carolina: the profits to be made from cotton growing drew a rush of southern famers into the so-called black belt-an area stretching through western Georgia, Alabama, and Mississippi. We provide you with original essay samples, perfect formatting and styling. The invention of the cotton gin came at the right time. To ambitious white planters, the extent of new land available for cotton production seemed almost limitless, and many planters simply traveled from one area to the next. And because cotton production relied on slavery, this meant that slavery was also vital to the nation’s economy. The statistics for the global cotton industry places China as the largest producer of cotton in the world with 33 million bales annually. As the importance of cotton and the industry that it developed grew, so did the need for workers in the fields. This print of The Levee – New Orleans (1884) shows the bustling port of New Orleans with bales of cotton … The climate, the industrial revolution, the cotton gin, and slave labor, were factors that contributed to the success of the south’s cotton economy. Several factors contributed to the growth of the cotton industry in the U.S.: the increasing British demand; innovations in spinning, weaving, and steam power; inexpensive land; and a slave labour force. Slaves, cotton, and the steamship transformed the city from a relatively isolated corner of North America in the eighteenth century to a thriving metropolis that rivaled New York in importance. Anglo-French warfare in the early 1790s restricted access to continental Europe, causing the United Statesto become an important—and temporarily the largest—consumer for British cotton goods. Remember: This is just a sample from a fellow student. Some of the oldest cotton bolls were discovered in a cave in Tehuacán Valley, Mexico, and were dated to approximately 3600 BC. The history of cotton in America began back in 1556 when it was cultivated by American settlers in Florida. The origins of cotton production and use go back to ancient times. During the Colonial Period the cotton crop was often grown for ornamental purposes in gardens across the East Coast. Many landowners in the United States from the 1600s onward purchased people to be used as slaves from areas of the world like Africa to work in the cotton fields, as … Scientists believe that cotton was first cultivated in the Indus delta. Home — Essay Samples — History — American History — History of Cotton. By 1500, cotton was known generally throughout the world. By 1616, colonists were growing cotton along the James River in Virginia. It was harder to grow crops in the North because the land wasn’t as fertile, and the climate didn’t make an agrarian economy favorable. GradesFixer. Reemits of cotton fabric dating back to this time were also discovered in caves in Central America. 1. As cotton plantations expanded, so did slavery. Slavery In America summary: Slavery in America began in the early 17th Century and continued to be practiced for the next 250 years by the colonies and states. United States Department of Agriculture Economic Research Service. With the New Deal introduced by the US Government to help deal with this devastating pest, the south began to diversify its crops. During the antebellum era, cotton was America’s most profitable commodity; and the south was the world’s biggest supplier. As result, the north turned to industrialization. we can write an original essay just for you. This History of Cotton Reading Comprehension Passage and Multiple-Choice Question Set is Perfect for Kids in Grades Five and Up. Cotton is one of the earliest domesticated non-food crops, independently domesticated at least four different times in four different parts of the world. India is second with 27 million bales. The southern states after the Civil War were still a one crop industry. In 1556, the first settlers grew cotton in southern Florida and used it to make homespun clothing. This industry grew rapidly but was dependant on manual labor for picking cotton and removing the seeds. If you’d like this or any other sample, we’ll happily email it to you. The history of cotton More Native Americans … In 1791, U.S. cotton production was small, at only 900 thousand kilograms (2000 thousand pounds). Despite that, the US cotton clothing industry is still strong and can supply the domestic and foreign markets with high quality cotton for years to come. By 1860, however, cotton production dominated large portions of the American South and was by far the most lucrative agricultural commodity in the entire nation. Evidence of cotton was also found in Peru in the form of seeds and cordage dating to about 4500 BC. By the 1850s, cotton made up 50% of America’s exports, and produced 75% of the world’s supply of cotton; giving birth to the phrase, “cotton is king.” High demands for cotton in textile industries in the northern states, along with Great Britain, were being supplied by slave-grown cotton plantations of the Deep South. The eradication of the boll weevil did not begin until the 1950’s. No -power on earth dares to make war on cotton. Cotton, rice, tobacco, and naval stores command the world…. In the year of 1492 when Columbus discovered America he also discovered cotton growing on the Bahama Islands. Join us as we discover the remarkable history of Egyptian Cotton™. The cotton gin was not Eli Whitney's only contribution to the Industrial Revolution in America. You can order Unique paper and our professionals Rewrite it for you. King Cotton, phrase frequently used by Southern politicians and authors prior to the American Civil War, indicating the economic and political importance of cotton production. Students who find writing to be a difficult task. By continuing we’ll assume you board with our cookie policy. India was then deemed a natural place to grow this crop and today is the second largest exporter of cotton to the world. The land was rich; large plantations grew tobacco, indigo (dye), corn, vegetables, grain, fruit, and cotton. Cotton had been used from ancient times, but the industrial revolution and its spread of textile mills created a rapidly growing market for the fluffy fiber. Cotton is king.” Because factories and merchants from Britain and the United States had their profits tied to southern cotton, southerners started to draw the conclusion that cotton was vital to the nation’s economy. GradesFixer.com uses cookies. After the invention of the cotton gin (1793), cotton surpassed tobacco as the dominant cash crop in the agricultural economy of the South, soon comprising more than half the total U.S. exports. ... Cotton was made into cloth Arab merchants made cotton into cloth. Entire old-growth forests and cypress swamps fell to the axe as slaves labored to strip the vegetation to make way for cotton. Similar to today’s massive machines, Whitney’s cotton gin used hooks to draw unprocessed cotton through a small-mesh screen that separated the fiber from seeds and husks. The difference is the people in the fields were being paid now. You can get 100% plagiarism FREE essay in 30sec, Sorry, we cannot unicalize this essay. Most people in North America made their clothing from agave plant fiber – some of it grew wild, and some of it they farmed. The history of cotton in America began back in 1556 when it was cultivated by American settlers in Florida. All rights reserved Gradesfixer ™, History of Cotton [Internet]. 3,000 BCE. By 1850, of the 3.2 million slaves in the country’s fifteen slave states, 1.8 million were producing cotton; by 1860, slave labor was producing over two billion pounds of cotton per year. Back in 4500BC the ancient civilisations of South America were cultivating cotton. Because cotton needed a warm climate, the southern states of America is the ideal place to plant and harvest it. 100% Cotton Clothes or Polyester Clothes - which is better? By the 1850s, cotton made up 50% of America’s exports, and produced 75% of the world’s supply of cotton; giving birth to the phrase, “cotton is king.” High demands for cotton in textile industries in the northern states, along with Great Britain, were being supplied by slave-grown cotton plantations of … Jewish cotton seller in Jerusalem in 1880 Cotton has been used as a fibre at least since 3000 B.C. Because cotton needed a warm climate, the southern states of America is the ideal place to plant and harvest it. 2019 Feb 11 [cited 2020 Dec 5]. The cotton boom generated an increase in the domestic slave trade. The figures for cotton production soared: from 720,000 bales in 1820, to 2.85 million bales in 1850, to nearly 5 million in 1860. Eli Whitney, a New Englander, solved that problem with his cotton gin, which used a series of steel disks fitted with hooks to drag the cotton through slots in a grid, leaving the seeds behind. When Columbus discovered America in 1492, he found cotton growing in the Bahama Islands. By supplying the North in both raw materials and markets for manufactures, income from the North’s role in handling the cotton trade provided surpluses for capital investment. Support America - Buy 100% cotton clothes made in the USA! Are you interested in getting a customized paper? With the land cleared, slaves readied the earth by plowing and planting. This did help to bring economic growth to the southern states of America, but America would no longer be the largest producer of cotton in the world. In Science and Technology. To this day there is still a boll weevil problem but it has been significantly reduced. Herodotus mentions Indian cotton in the 5th century BC. 2020 © gradesfixer.com. Southern planters saw themselves, and accurately so, as a key component in the industrial revolution and a critical part of an international economic system. By the 1800’s cotton farms across the southern states grew and dominated the cotton industry in the world. Beginning in the late 1750s farmers in South Carolina began to experiment more seriously with cotton on […] Cotton it truly a miracle fiber: it has been spun, woven, and dyed since ancient times, and it is still the most widely used fiber for cloth today. How much cotton does America grow and where? America’s pre-1793 phase of experimentation with the cotton crop was characterized by domestic, rather than commercial, activities. In ancient Peru mummies were wrapped in cotton while those from ancient Egypt were wrapped in linen. From field to feeling, our cotton has come a long way. There is almost nothing that cotton can’t be turned into: clothes, bedding, tabletop, furniture, even art. The cotton gin, patented by American-born born inventor Eli Whitney in 1794, revolutionized the cotton industry by greatly speeding up the tedious process of removing seeds and husks from cotton fiber. Plantation owners in the Upper South (Delaware, Kentucky, Maryland, Virginia, and Tennessee), who did not have cotton plantations, sold their slaves to the Deep South; who were in high demand for labor in their new and expanding cotton growing regions. 1821. Winters were short and mild. Having trouble finding the perfect essay? The South differed from the North geographically. this essay is not unique. Pssst… What is the Wear Ability of 100% Cotton Clothes. The history of conventional cotton production worldwide. Annual business revenue stimulated by cotton in the U.S. economy exceeds $120 billion, making cotton America’s number one value-added crop. ^ "Overview". By 1616, colonists … Previously whatever cotton had been made into cloth had been spun on the ordinary spinning- wheel, which was a property of nearly every household, and woven on the hand-loom. And unlike the North, Americas’ South found slavery to be the driving force of their economy in the 19th century. Richer people wore cotton clothing. Cotton production requires land and labor, and slavery was a cheap form of labor. Most of the cotton grown in the very early days of America was kept at home for use around the home for making those homespun cotton clothes. Annual business revenue stimulated by cotton in the U.S. economy exceeds $120 billion, making it the number one value-added crop in America.. The history of Egyptian Cotton™ is closely entwined with that of Egypt itself, having played an enormous role in shaping its burgeoning economy. 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