Play media. American Cliff Swallow (Petrochelidon pyrrhonota) American Cliff Swallow gathering about their nests. 1: 20 Jun 2020: Laura Kammermeier ... NY Ontario: Canandaigua Lake near Hillcrest Drive. [6][11], There are 5 subspecies of cliff swallow distinguished based on plumage colour, body size and distribution – Petrochelidon pyrrhonota pyrrhonota, P. p. melanogaster, P. p. tachina, P. p. hypopolia, P. p. Ornithol. Originally a bird of the western mountains, nesting on cliff faces and under rock ledges often in large colonies, the Cliff Swallow expanded its range eastward with the proliferation of bridges and buildings, which provided alternative nest sites. Scan the upper levels of a foraging flock, as Cliff Swallows often forage higher than other species. 2007. Some errands can be accomplished on foot. An estimated 12% of the species' North American population breeds within the Boreal Forest. [2][4][8][16] The cliff swallows have an “aggressive and fearless” personality in comparison to their relatives the barn swallows who were noted as being “timid and fearful”. Swallows(Order: Passeriformes, Family:Hirundinidae). Legal. Since Europeans arrived in North America, a great majority of Barn Swallows have switched to building their nests on man-made structures, like barns, garages, bridges, overpasses, culverts and houses. Sandringham-Wellington. Favorite Map Nearby Apartments. Cliff Swallow: This species breeds throughout North America from subarctic Alaska, Ontario, and Nova Scotia southward throughout most of U.S., with the exception of the southeastern states, and into Mexico. Colonies tend to be small in the East, but further west they can number up to 3,700 nests in one spot. [2][4] For this specific call, the cliff swallows are one of the few known vertebrates to make a “competitively disadvantageous” cue to their peers for food availability. Commute to Downtown Brampton . ird Studies anada, Environment Canada, Ontario Field Naturalists, Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, and Ontario Nature, Toronto, xxii + 706 pp. [4] When this call is heard, large groups of their colony "neighbours" will arrive at the location. [4], The cliff swallow's average body length is 13 cm (5.1 in), they have short legs and small bills with relatively long pointed wings. To find these birds while they’re out foraging, head to a lake, river, or wetland and seek out foraging flocks of swallows. Reviews (416) 918-3056. [2][4][5] Cliff swallows from the same colony socially collect mud for nest building, they have been seen converging at small areas together and then carrying globs of mud in their bills back to their nests. The cliff swallow has made a very successful switch from cliffs to manmade structures for nest placement. Swallows • Delwiche et al. As its name implies, this swallow originally nested on cliffs. [4] Particularly for younger pairs, the size of the colony can affect their reproductive success, because they seem to rely on the valuable information that can be obtained from a large colony. Cliff swallow Cliffs are the natural nesting habitats for the cliff swallow, but they will also nest under structures like buildings and bridges. Built in 1941 to supply fresh water, R.C. Cliff Swallow. 1986. Sometimes the swallow may lay eggs in its own nest and then carry one of its eggs in its bill and put it in another female's nest. The rest of their bodies are quite drab with a whitish beige breast, belly, and rump as well as a white stripe extending to the lower nape of the neck. Available at, Listen to American cliff swallow on xeno-canto, "The Effect of Weather on Morphometric Traits of Juvenile Cliff Swallows", "Variable facial plumage in juvenile Cliff Swallows: A potential offspring recognition cue? A pair of swallows can find its own young in the creche primarily by voice. Cliff Swallow fledglings differed from the other two species in their post-fledging residency time at the natal site. It also has an orange-buff rump and a cream to buff-colored forehead patch. Swallows • Delwiche et al. [4][7] Foraging behaviors related closely to their reproduction cycle; when the birds first arrive at the nesting site they will forage as far as 10 miles from the colony, in the hopes of increasing body fat reserves to prepare for cold-windy days and their energy extensive egg-laying stage. Find out how you can help save this species by signing our petition here. First nesting of the Cliff Swallow on the Mississippi coast. [3], Cliff swallows are extremely social songbirds that can be found in large nesting colonies reaching over 2,000 nests. Order Online Tickets Tickets See Availability Directions {{::location.tagLine.value.text}} Sponsored Topics. It will also rarely be found in western Europe. The Cliff Swallow's population has decreased over the last 40 years at a rate of 3.3% annually. [2] The genetics tests deemed Petrochelidon and Cecropis sister to each other and both closest to Delichon, the house martins. Harris Water Treatment Plant (water purification) on the Toronto waterfront at Victoria Park and Queen Street East. 3676 Kettles Road, Ottawa, Ontario, CA (45.119, -75.869) 90. [4], The breeding season of cliff swallows starts with the return of the birds from their wintering grounds, they usually arrive in large groups and start immediately to choose their nesting sites. Spence, J. L. and J. [2][8] The pre-formative facial plumage has been suggested as a possible way for parents nesting in large colonies to recognize their chicks. When young Cliff Swallows leave their nests they congregate in large groups called creches. [4], Cliff swallows live in a colonial lifestyle during the breeding season, composed of a large number of pairs per nesting site. Clusters of their intricate mud nests cling to vertical walls, and when a Cliff Swallow is home you … [4][14][15], Cliff swallows decide upon arrival to their nesting site whether they will fix a nest from the previous season or build a new nest. 2 Cliff Swallow Crt is no longer available! Find the perfect swallows mud nest stock photo. That's just 11.89% of the 866 total properties for … The introduction of House Sparrows was a disaster for these birds, since the sparrows usurp their nests and often cause … grebe sp. [2] Finally, the cave swallow was identified as the nearest living relative in North America of the cliff swallows. Cliff swallow Cliffs are the natural nesting habitats for the cliff swallow, but they will also nest under structures like buildings and bridges. When a Cliff Swallow has had a hard time finding food, it will watch its neighbors in the nesting colony and follow one to food when it leaves. Somewhat Walkable. Cliff Swallow Colony at Water Purification Plant in Toronto . Other districts close by are Sandringham Wellington North, Vales Of Castlemore and Northgate. … Cave Swallow records by year in Ontario using data from the OBRC and eBird. Each week we introduce a new bird from the Ottawa-Gatineau area through our segment on CBC Radio’s In Town and Out. Man-made buildings and structures also provide shelter for nesting areas; any areas that have buildings or bridges serve as possible nesting sites, expanding their breeding areas to grasslands and towns. Atlas of the Breeding Birds of Ontario, 2001‐2005. Preferred habitats include open country near buildings or cliffs, lakeshores, and marshes. Perching Birds. He had been banded in Nebraska in 1993. [2][4][14] The cliff swallows have an unusually large parasite community that includes ectoparasites, ticks, fleas and swallow bugs, among others. Passerine Birds", "Petrochelidon pyrrhonota (Vieillot, 1817)", "eBird: An Online Database of Bird Distribution and Abundance", "Ectoparasitism shortens the breeding season in a colonial bird", http://scholarworks.uark.edu/jaas/vol71/iss1/36/, eBird Interactive Species Map- Cliff swallow, Cliff Swallow Vocalisations – Song and Calls, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cliff_swallow&oldid=992173885, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 December 2020, at 22:01. The Cave Swallow was first documented in Ontario at Point Pelee National Park on 21 April 1989 by Alan Wormington (Wormington and Curry 1990), which remains an exceptional spring record today. in cliff swallows (Petrochelidon pyrrhonota). The cliff swallow is an active and acrobatic flyer with an 11 to 13 inch wingspan and about 5 to 6 inches long. Originally it built its jug-shaped mud nests on the sides of cliffs. Some juveniles show whitish throats in … There are six species of swallows that regularly breed in Ontario: Tree Swallow, Barn Swallow, Bank Swallow, Cliff Swallow, Northern Rough-winged Swallow & the largest of the swallows, Purple Martins. [2] Both the female and the male cliff swallows will contribute to the colony's genetic variability by performing various actions of brood-parasitism. However, the sides of barns and the supports of bridges provided sheltered sites that were far more widespread than the natural ones. [4][15] Further, taking the extra time to build a nest from scratch will mean reproducing later which could negatively affect their chicks’ survival. The cliff swallow now faces strong competition from the introduced house sparrow for food and shelter. [4], Alarm calls are heard at the colony while the birds are flying over-and-around the colony entrance way, they serve as a signal of danger close to the nests. Canada’s trusted source for breaking news stories, local, national and global politics, policy, events, unrest and more daily from the world's top media outlets. 74. 2 Cliff Swallow Crt. 21 min 39 min 43 min 60+ min View Routes. They spend winters in the tropics. The cliff swallow or American cliff swallow (Petrochelidon pyrrhonota) is a member of the passerine bird family Hirundinidae, the swallows and martins. The barn swallow (Hirundo rustica) is the most widespread species of swallow in the world. [8] These distinctive white facial markings disappear during maturity following their complex-basic moult pattern, because their pre-formative plumage is different than the basic plumage. [2][4][5] They are frequently seen flying overhead in large flocks during migration, gracefully foraging over fields for flying insects or perching tightly together on a wire preening under the sun. Collyriclum faba: a new host and distributional record from California. [2][4][15] Nests, constructed with sticky clay can last a number of years and are further supported by the cliff swallows’ tier-stacking construction strategy. Tree swallows range across Canada, north to treeline; violet-green swallows are strictly western. They also … [9][10] The sub-order that the cliff swallow belongs is Oscines (or Passeri), for the songbirds. Cliff Swallow or Petrochelidon pyrrhonota feeding in flight on insects in Rouge National Urban Park Toronto Ontario Canada Cliff Swallow - Petrochelidon pyrrhonota. Swallow-like Birds | Family: Swallows, Hirundinidae. Any relatively undisturbed spot with a ledge to support the nest or a vertical wall to attach it … Each week we introduce a new bird from the Ottawa-Gatineau area through our segment on CBC Radio’s In Town and Out. Although sharing of information about food at the colony seems unintentional, when a swallow finds food away from the colony during poor weather conditions it may give a specific call that alerts other Cliff Swallows that food is available. These common, sociable swallows are nearly always found in large groups, whether they’re chasing insects high above the ground, preening on perches, or dipping into a river for a bath. [2][5] The Northern population is slightly larger in body size from the Mexican cliff swallow population and differ in facial markings, where the Mexican population have a chocolate brown patch on their forehead. Ashbridges Bay Park, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. [2], The male and females have identical plumage, therefore sexing them must be done through palpation of the cloaca. December 2020 QEW and Highway 403 (Freeman) Interchange (2016-E-0005) Transportation Environmental Study Report Page 133 8 POTENTIAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS, 745655–745699 Township Road 4, Blandford-Blenheim CA-ON 43.17519, -80.70724. Hermit Thrush # 1 Perched at the edge of Lake Ontario, the building’s sprawling facade makes a perfect location for Cliff Swallows to set up shop because there is an ample supply of gnats and midges hovering near the shore for the birds to catch and eat. [2][5][6] Flocks containing large numbers of cliff swallows have been recorded migrating together, but whether they stay together or disperse to different locations is unknown. 2017. A. Toups. Due to human activity, Ontario has lost 93 per cent of its bank swallows population in the last 50 years, according to Samuels. Cliff Swallows (Petrochelidon pyrrhonota) are feeding nestlings under a bridge in Northern California. A colony of Cliff Swallows with 144 mud nests is at the R.C. in cliff swallows (Petrochelidon pyrrhonota). [4], The social structure of these cliff swallow colonies have evolved a complex vocalisation system. Auk 88:668-669. The cliff swallow is easily identified by the large white marking on the front of their crown right above their beak. In poor light, Cliff Swallows look brownish with dark throats and white underparts. Cliff swallows (H. pyrrhonota) and barn swallows are metallic blue above and rusty brown below. Fox Sparrow # 2 Perched on a wall building its nest Cliff Swallow. Perched on a wall building its nest Cliff Swallow. [16] The male cliff swallows will also take part in this gene-spread by mating with more than just one female, contributing to genetic variation throughout the colony. No need to register, buy now! A Cliff Swallow defending her mud nest under the eaves of a barn Cliff Swallow. Good Transit. [2][6] In good lighting occasions, their crowns and mantle feathers are iridescent. [2][4], The cliff swallows' wintering grounds have been recorded as South American countries, such as Southern Brazil, Uruguay, and parts of Argentina. Swallows, much like other aerial insectivore birds including the swifts, the nightjars and some of the flycatchers, are undergoing rapid population declines, which dates back to when … The oldest recorded Cliff Swallow was a male, and at least 11 years, 10 months old when he was recaptured and rereleased for scientific purposes in California in 2004. [2][4] Older birds are usually found in smaller colonies and exhibit earlier nesting times, avoiding the parasite manifestation that comes with the hot mid-summer season. Barn Swallows (Hirundo rustica), Cliff Swallows (Petrochelidon pyrrhonota) and Tree Swallows (Tachycineta bicolor) breed sympatrically in southern Ontario but it is unclear how these species differ ecologically, and their coexistence implies niche segregation. They build gourd-shaped nests of mud and will even build on top of old barn swallow nests. [2], The nesting sites can be vulnerable to predation by other bird species, the house sparrows are a good example. The closest grocery stores are Fortinos, Bulk Barn and Indian Punjabi Bazaar. [4], The cliff swallows feed on a diet consisting of flying insects, particularly swarming species such as: flies, bees, lacewings, mayflies, butterflies, moths, grasshoppers, and damselflies. Image of toronto, canada, birding - 148699719 Cliff Swallow: Breeds from Alaska, Ontario, and Nova Scotia southward throughout most of U.S. except the southeast; spends winters in the tropics. Using DNA barcoding of nestling feces and … [2][4] When the swallows return to the nesting site at dusk, they often fly in a tightly coordinated flock above head, in such close synchronization, that they may appear as one large specimen. Nine years later, Alan would document the second provincial record, scarcely a few hundred metres from the first, from 7-9 December 1998 (Dobos 1999). North American Breeding Distribution and Relative Abundance: Widely distributed across North America, the Cliff Swallow’s breeding distribution ranges across most of Canada and the United States with the exception of the southeastern coastal regions of the United States. American Bittern by Chuck Schleigh On the ponds, nesting rails and bitterns prove especially elusive this time of year, and are best seen by getting into the marshes by canoe. They spend winters in the tropics. 4 Cliff Swallow Crt Brampton ON L6R 1E4. Speich, S. 1971. It's a spectacular sight. Petrochelidon pyrrhonota. More rarely reported species on Cliff Swallows are C. arcuegens from nw. The Cave Swallow was first documented in Ontario at Point Pelee National Park on 21 April 1989 by Alan Wormington (Wormington and Curry 1990), which remains an exceptional spring record today. [4], Each bird pair will have about 3–4 nestlings per brood, a clutch size of 4 has been identified as the most common and most successful. [9] The family that encompasses approximately 90 species of swallows and martins, Hirundinidae, includes birds that have small steam-lined bodies made for great agility and rapid flight. [2][5] The females who show intra-specific parasitism tend to have greater reproductive success than those that were brood-parasitized. U.S. and remain low today (Forbush 1929, Silver 1993, 1995). [11] Further, those in the family Hirundinidae, have short-flat bills for their majority insectivore diets, small feet because they spend much of their time in flight and long wings for energy-efficient flight. It nests in dense colonies, in holes in dirt or sand banks. Canada. It is common throughout its … Canada and Alaska, C. calderwoodi from New Brunswick and Ontario, C. coahuilensis from Texas, C. idius from Ontario, and C. scopulorum from Alaska, nw. Geometric mean total Hg (THg) concentrations ranged from 0.013 to 0.208 μg/g wet weight (ww) in cliff swallow … In good light you’ll see their metallic, dark-blue backs and pale, pumpkin-colored rumps. … [4][5] These birds will search a number of swallow nests for the perfect place to make their own nest, destroying numerous eggs in the process. Cliff Swallow: Small, stocky swallow, dark blue-gray upperparts, pale orange-brown rump, buff underparts. The cliff swallow or American cliff swallow (Petrochelidon pyrrhonota) is a member of the passerine bird family Hirundinidae, the swallows and martins. Atlas of the Breeding Birds of Ontario, 2001‐2005. The Cliff Swallow is a small bird … Cliff Swallow (Petrochelidon pyrrhonota) nests under a bridge. You can see a few of the swallows’ mud structures above the windows tucked under the lips of the crowned panels. Historically, Barn Swallows nested on rocky surfaces protected from the rain, for example in caves or on cliff walls. The next chapter of the species’ history in Ontario … [5] The Eastern populations travel through Florida, and the Western populations through Mexico and Central America down to their destinations. [2] The cave swallow has a similar plumage to cliff swallows, but have a dark cap and pale throat, the cave swallows also have a much smaller distribution in North America most likely because of the lack of natural cave dwelling nest sites. Busy flocks of Cliff Swallows often swarm around bridges and overpasses in summer, offering passers-by a chance to admire avian architecture and family life at once. Tree … Cliff Swallow: Breeds from Alaska, Ontario, and Nova Scotia southward throughout most of U.S. except the southeast; spends winters in the tropics. Although the Cliff Swallow can nest solitarily, it usually nests in colonies. Perched on a wall building its nest Cliff with Swallow Nest castle at morning, Crimea. 6 Cliff Swallow Court is a home located in Brampton, Ontario. By alerting other swallows to a large insect swarm an individual may ensure that the swarm is tracked and that it can follow the swarm effectively. It's a spectacular sight. [6] The cliff swallows have a square-shaped tail. [7][14][15], Cliff swallows are socially monogamous, one pair will look after each nest, but many occurrences of sexual polygamy have been noted because of the varying genetics throughout the colony and within many individual nests. crow sp. Cliff Swallow. [4][8], The cliff swallow belongs to the largest order and dominant avian group – Passeriformes. Nearby districts include Sandringham Wellington North, Vales Of Castlemore and Northgate. The cliff swallow has a dark cap which extends below its eye and chestnut coloring on its cheeks, side of neck, and throat. Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science 71: 206–208. Small to large colonies, on cliff faces and on man-made structures (sometimes with barn swallows), rarely at cave entrances. Find out how you can help save this species by signing our petition here. Breeding and nesting grounds consist of large … [2][4] Living in large populations, these aerial insectivores use extensive vocalizations to communicate warnings or food availability to the other individuals. Cliff swallow Cliffs are the natural nesting habitats for the cliff swallow, but they will also nest under structures like buildings and bridges. Get Instant ID help for 650+ North American birds. Cliff Swallows are highly colonial, sometimes grouping in … Brampton. [2][4][5] This group-style life can present the birds with some benefits and disadvantages; valuable information can be shared through group learning about food location and habitat preferences, but it is also much easier to transmit parasites or diseases when living in close proximity. Central nests are more coveted, have larger clutches, and are preferred for reuse in subsequent years [17], Once the house sparrows pick their nest, they will bring in grass and other materials making it impossible for the cliff swallows to re-establish their place. Photo about A Cliff Swallow is collecting dead roots to use as construction material for its nest. [4], Cliff swallows build gourd-shaped nests made from mud with small entrance holes. 295 graffiti and anti‑corrosion paints (Si‑COAT 530 and 579, CSL Silicones, Guelph, Ontario… [4] Nests, especially those at the periphery of colonies, are vulnerable to snake predation. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. Central Nests Are Heavier and Have Larger Clutches Than Peripheral Nests in Cliff Swallow Colonies. The Cornell Lab will send you updates about birds, birding, and opportunities to help bird conservation. The barn swallow has been recorded as hybridising with the cliff swallow (Petrochelidon pyrrhonota) and the cave swallow (P. fulva) in North America, and the house martin (Delichon urbicum) in Eurasia, the cross with the latter being one of the most common passerine hybrids. Cliff Swallow: 1: 21 Jun 2020: Michael Gullo Hemlock Lake, north boat launch and trail. [2][4][5][14][15] These parasite infestations have been shown to negatively affect juvenile growth and developmental rates. Ashbridges bay Park, Toronto, Ontario, Canada A Cliff Swallow in her mud nest. 2 Cliff Swallow Crt is a house in Brampton, ON L6R 1E4. Brampton, Ontario, L6R 1E4. I investigated potential interspecific differences in nestling diet and post-fledging movements. [2][4][5] Five vocalisations have been identified, which are used in both juveniles and adults for different reasons. Preferred habitats include open country near buildings or cliffs, lakeshores, and marshes. Cliff Swallows (Petrochelidon pyrrhonota) are feeding nestlings under a bridge in Northern California. Cadman et al. The scientific name is derived from Ancient Greek; Petrochelidon originates from the petros meaning "rock" and khelidon "swallow", pyrrhonota comes from purrhos meaning "flame-coloured" and -notos "-backed". The introduction of House Sparrows was a disaster for these birds, since the sparrows usurp their nests and often cause the swallows … Some of these colonies are quite large, and a tall cut bank may be pockmarked with several hundred holes. Harris Water Treatment Plant (water purification) on the Toronto waterfront at Victoria Park and Queen Street East. To evaluate mercury (Hg) and other element exposure in cliff swallows (Petrochelidon pyrrhonota), eggs were collected from 16 sites within the mining-impacted Cache Creek watershed, Colusa, Lake, and Yolo counties, California, USA, in 1997–1998. It is a distinctive passerine bird with blue upperparts and a long, deeply forked tail.It is found in Europe, Asia, Africa and the Americas. [2] Juvenile cliff swallows are said to have established a unique call by the approximate age of 15 days, which allows the parents to identify their chick from others in the colony. [2][4], The “squeak” call is of great interest to researchers because this is the special vocalisation made at a distance from the colony when a bird encounters a good foraging area. [6], As their name suggests, throughout history the cliff swallows concentrated their nesting colonies along mountain cliffs, primarily by the Western North American Coast. ehavioural Ecology and Sociobiology 47:339‐345. [5], The cliff swallow's social behavior does not end with these “synchronized flying” displays; they use special vocalizations to advise other colony members of a good prey location where ample food is available. 2007. Legs and feet are gray. [4] Cliff swallows are similar in body plumage colouring to the related barn swallow species but lack the characteristic fork-shaped tail of the barn swallow prominent during flight. 2 Cliff Swallow Court. 6 Cliff Swallow Court is a home located in Brampton, Ontario. Nearby schools include Robert J Lee Public School, Sandalwood Heights Secondary School and Sunny View Middle School. The Cliff Swallow was a common species during the Minnesota Breeding Bird Atlas (MNBBA). Catches insects in flight. Crown is blue-black, bill is short and black. [2][4] The cliff swallows have been observed to skip from one to five years between breeding at the same place to avoid parasite infestations, but some pairs will return annually to the same site. With the introduction of the House Sparrow in the late 1800s, and its usurpation of swallow nests, Cliff Swallow numbers began to decline in the ne. Scan the swallows carefully, focusing on finding a square-tailed bird with a pale, pumpkin-colored rump and dark upperparts. It is based in the neighbourhood of Sandringham Wellington in Brampton. [16] The cliff swallows brood-parasitize neighboring nests, where the females may move their eggs into or lay their eggs in other nests. A colony of Cliff Swallows with 144 mud nests is at the R.C. Increased insect population from modern agriculture and shelter created by manmade structures are two reasons given for this transition. [2][5][13] However, their behavior and populations have yet to be extensively studied on their wintering grounds leaving room for new information about this species. Listen: Overview . ), New Brunswick, Prince Edward I., and Novembera Scotia south to s. Alaska, n. Baja California (Godfrey 1986, Phillips 1986, Am. [2][4] These birds are day-hunters (diurnal), returning to their nesting sites at dusk, and are not very active during cold or rainy weather because of the low number of prey available. [4][5] The birds forage high (usually 50 m or higher) over fields or marshes, and tend to rely on bodies of water like ponds during bad weather with high winds. Partial (left) and completed cliff swallow nests on the underside of a bridge. Keywords . They have rich, brick-red faces and a bright buff-white forehead patch like a headlamp. The bottom portion of its body is whitish and in flight, it has short triangular wings and a square tail. The Cliff Swallow is a small bird largely found in North America and Mexico. [2][5][6], Juvenile cliff swallows have an overall similar body plumage colouring to the adults, with paler tones. [12] In addition, three core genera of hirundo were made based on molecular studies – Hirundo sensu stricto; containing the barn swallow, Cecropis; containing the red-rumped swallow, and Petrochelidon; containing the cliff swallow. Eggs in the Muséum de Toulouse. Nine years later, Alan would document the second provincial record, scarcely a few hundred metres from the first, from 7-9 December 1998 (Dobos 1999). Tree … Many nearby public transportation options. One easy way to find Cliff Swallows is to look for their gourd-shaped mud nests clustered under horizontal overhangs—many a highway overpass is swarming with Cliff Swallows in summer.
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