In Salem, 1692, the balance between fear and rationality was disrupted, causing the collapse of the Salem court and its leaders. Print. The texts The Crucible, “Why I Wrote The Crucible,” and “Vigilante ‘Vampire-hunters’” tells about how fear has an effect on society from the Salem witch hunts to McCarthyism to modern-day. It can sometimes put people at risk because in most cases, it makes people sick. Hawthorne is claiming that by providing a defense the men are attacking the court. In The Crucible, Act III, what does Proctor mean when he tells Danforth, "God dams our kind especially, and we will burn, we will burn together"? The Crucible. No one has time to read them all, but it’s important to go over them at least briefly. Ashamed to confess his affair with Abigail, John Proctor speaks up too late. Prentice Hall Literature: The American Experience. To begin, fear is a driving force that pushes people to act in unethical and irrational ways. Salem is being plagued by fear; this fear is causing the people of Salem to act irrationally and illogically. The panic of Communism during the Cold War and Senator Joseph McCarthy’s anti-communist hearings on February 3, 1953 led to this “irrational fear.” There are several major differences from the true version of the story and Miller’s version. The irrational fear of communism during the McCarthy period led to mob violence, false accusations, and dozens of ruined reputations. Telling the whole truth would have saved hundreds of people’s lives. When a society's insecurities are exposed and raw, a disconcerted mood spreads throughout the people. Fear feeds fear: in order to explain to itself why so many people are afraid, the community begins to believe that the fear must have legitimate origins. ... Abigail Williams, the child who started all the hysteria, had three major motives: jealousy, revenge, and fear. Conflict relating to witchcraft in The Crucible, led to tension and struggle for the people of Salem. At this point during Miller’s play people begin to realize the court is flawed; they see the hysteria has caused more harm to the community then good. In Arthur Miller’s play, The Crucible, many innocents were wrongfully accused, causing many to be hanged without trial. It is inconceivable to imagine that each novel has only one prominent underlying message or theme. The town of Salem accepted the idea of hysteria, because it gave them a chance to blame others on the grudges they held in life. Those who do not support the court are affected indirectly by the people around them, who are in hysterics and accusing innocent people of witchcraft. Miller explains through his play, The Crucible, how fear spread like a plague during the witch hysteria of 1692. Abigail made the whole town mad spread the “irrational fear” of witchcraft. 916 Words 4 Pages. In The Crucible, a group of Salem girls falsely accuse others of practicing witchcraft to avoid getting in trouble for dancing in the woods. Fear is used many times to essentially deteriorate the mental state of the community of Salem. The Crucible In the past, present, and undoubtedly in the future, deceptive individuals take advantage of the anxieties and fears of society. In Arthur Miller’s play, The Crucible, many innocents were wrongfully accused, causing many to be hanged without trial. Any phobia can be cured when it manifests itself, but if it remains untreated it may lead to severe complications. Miller illustrates mass hysteria by using the actions of Abigail, Tituba, and Marry Warren in order to show how their actions compromised justice in Salem. The desire to be noticed and popular among a group of cheerleaders in Le Roy, New York, caused many problems as Susan Dominus expresses in the article What Happened to the Girls in Le Roy. The Crucible is not trying to be a documentary, but rather is using the Salem witch trials as a timeless example of the power of fear. Public hysteria is a psychological phenomenon that affects a group of people, resulting in fear or irrational behavior. It is illogical that by admitting to witchcraft and accusing others Abigail is exonerated of her crimes. John Proctor is disgusted with the religious leaders who are directing the witch trials. People who commit wrongs knowingly are the most guilty of all. .. Latest answer posted February 22, 2015 at 5:53:49 PM This marks the lowest point of the court. In Arthur Miller’s The Crucible, the characters experience constant and irrational accusations of witchcraft in their Puritan society. In The Crucible, what are some quotes that show Abigail Williams is selfish and manipulative? The most obvious, Abigail started the hysteria in the play by accusing Tituba of witchcraft. It’s hardly surprising there is so much irony in The Crucible – after all, one of the central causes of conflict in the play is hypocrisy.With that in mind, here are some key quotes from The Crucible that demonstrate irony of some kind. Many of the Crucible quotes fall into the category of “dramatic irony”, which is the irony that’s created when there’s a mismatch between what a character thinks or says and what the audience knows to be true. The Impact of Irrational Fear in The Crucible Throughout history, many horrific incidents based on an act of violence or disagreement have resulted in panic and mass hysteria. Many of these tragic events have led to people being immensely afraid. 1.1 An irrational fear is called a phobia now. I want the light of God, I want the sweet love of Jesus! In his play, The Crucible, Arthur Miller exhibits how fear causes irrationality and can destroy the credibility of a government through the fall of the Salem court during the witch hysteria. Due to the Puritans' deep fear of the supernatural, their accusations are taken as fact, and an atmosphere of irrational fear and paranoia descends upon the town. The emotion of fear is a double-edged sword. Irrational fear has been seen in the Crucible, as well as in the McCarthy era, and modern times. People began to act irrationally due to their fears; this irrationality and illogical reasoning spread through Salem, even into the governing court. People began to act irrationally due to their fears; this irrationality and illogical reasoning spread through Salem, even into the governing court. Fear is a dominant emotion in The Crucible. 5 Educator answers. When Abigail led on the girls to cry out during the accusations. This is a primal emotion exists to keep us alive and avoid danger. The article “Vigilante, From the fear of communism to the fear of terrorism, mass hysteria affects the United States the most. In the beginning of the play, Reverend Parris is questioning Abigail Williams on the topic of whether, The Importance Of Person Centred And Holistic Care, The Tragedy Of Romeo And Juliet By William Shakespeare. For example, governments must have a balance between their values and their desire to make things happen. Lying is bad but the fear that can come from it is worse. The Crucible was one of many examples of how fear can cause mass hysteria and unfortunately there are many more. People began to act irrationally due to their fears; this irrationality and illogical reasoning spread through Salem, even into the governing court. Being able to understand what you fear removes much of the fear factor from the thing itself - humans are not scared of the flu, but we are scared of sharks. Arthur Miller wrote The Crucible in 1963. In 1933 Germany’s balance was disrupted when Adolf Hitler became chancellor. According to … The Interesting Facts of The Crucible Was The Crucible, by Arthur Miller, just an “irrational fear?” (Arthur Miller’s The Crucible: Fact & Fiction Par.1). While they are pleading their wives innocence, Hawthorne announces, “You must understand, sir, that a person is either with this court or he must be counted against it, there be no road between. Ed, Grand, Wiggins. Miller’s, The Crucible tells the story of the Salem witch trials that occurred in Salem, Massachusetts in the late seventeenth century. The Crucible. This is a sharp time, now, a precise time,” (1194). The average student has to read dozens of books per year. It is Abigail’s fear of being punished for a crime she did not commit that drives her to act illogically, by confessing to the crime of witchcraft. They have caused him to lose what little respect he had for characters affiliated with both the court and the church, such as Hawthorne, Danforth, and especially Paris. At the start of The Crucible Betty Paris is very ill, and Abigail is about to be accused of cursing her in the woods. Throughout the trials of the people living in Salem no evidence was found to convict anyone of witchcraft. The crucible: Discuss how fear and suspicion may cause ppl to behave immorally or irrationally, w/examples.? . This contagion can engulf an entire population and become like a living entity, causing people to act rashly and hypocritically. At the start of The Crucible Betty Paris is very ill, and Abigail is about to be accused of cursing her in the woods. In the play, "The Crucible," by Arthur Miller we see this emotion come up in many different characters throughout the play-in some more t When a community is overcome with fear it creates an insalubrious system of mistrust, corruption, hypocrisy, and the defiance of laws. The quote exhibits how the witch trials have affected Proctor. In the play, The Crucible, by Arthur Miller, a little town in the late 17th century, a group of Puritan girls are accused of witchcraft, including their leader, Abigail Williams. In his play, The Crucible, Arthur Miller exhibits how fear causes irrationality and can destroy the credibility of a government through the fall of the Salem court during the witch hysteria. Being popular and staying with what everyone else did was every girl in a Mean Girls clip by Rosalind Wiseman. Arthur Miller, the American dramatist and playwright, out of The University of Michigan, was able to transform one of the most notable accounts of mass hysteria and loss of rational thought, and mold it into an elaborate and complex drama. This illogical reasoning of the court causes the three men of high status to lose all faith in it. The deadline is too short to read long examples? Fear Causes Irrationality A government requires very delicate balances; the slightest disturbance will cause it to come crashing down. For example, governments must have a balance between their values and their desire to make things happen. Had there have not been any of the girls’ absurd accusations of witchcraft, no event in the entire play would have been considered to be a tragedy. Fear of the Devil lights a fire of irrationality and hysteria in Salem that rages throughout the town causing chaos and consuming the governing body until all that is left is ash.? I saw Sarah Good with the Devil! After Tituba confesses to witchcraft Abigail panics and does the same by proclaiming (1156), I want to open myself!. Throughout Arthur Miller's The Crucible fear is exploited through the characters in the play because it shows how much trouble people will go through to protect their reputation, themselves, and to protect the ones we love. Was The Crucible, by Arthur Miller, just an “irrational fear?” (Arthur Miller’s The Crucible: Fact & Fiction Par.1). This material is available only on Freebooksummary, We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. Fear causes mass hysteria and has many cases that can prove that this is true. The Crucible, written by Arthur Miller, illustrates fear, greed, ambition, revenge, and jealousy, and how each of them led to the loss of many innocent lives in Salem, MA, in 1692. Perspectives on Fear: The Crucible and the McCarthy Era. please helpp! Public hysteria is a psychological phenomenon that affects a group of people, resulting in fear or irrational behavior. Annotations: Irrational Fear; 1 Irrational Fear. Hysteria among the people caused there to be more fear and tension in the atmosphere. Lying is bad but the fear that can come from it is worse. As demonstrated by both The Crucible and The Jordan, The Crucible The witch hysteria eventually leads to … In Act III of The Crucible, when Francis Nurse is horrified at Proctor's confession of adultery with Abigail, Proctor says, "Oh. Miller reminds us that Puritans feared for their souls, unsure if they would be bound for Heaven or Hell (the concept of Election or Predestination). A healthy community consists of a support system, peace, trust, and adhering to societal laws. i nee to link the people with three events that reflect this behavior!!!!! The lives of most people in Salem are being monopolized by the fear of witches, and those who are not afraid of the witches are afraid of being accused of witchcraft. By continuing we’ll assume you board with our, The whole doc is available only for registered users, The Crucible: Reverend John Hale - a Dynamic Character, "The Crucible": How Superstition Destroys Society, The Crucible: Arthur Miller Shows How Fear and Suspicion Can Destroy a Community. Peer pressures and societal pressures are huge influences to human decision making as shown in The Crucible, the article “What Happened, Americans for being loyal to the communist country, this is similar to witch hunts that occurred in Salem, Massachusetts. Answer Save. 1123-213. Being called communist during that time period was a terrible thing. Many allow fear to get inside of their heads and allow it to overcome them to make deceitful or irrational decisions. Fear can rule a person which drives them to extreme and irrational acts that can shape society in a negative way. It keeps humans away from potentially dangerous situations, but can also be destructive. 1 Answer. Salem is being plagued by fear; this fear is causing the people of Salem to act irrationally and illogically. In Miller's play it …show more content… In The Crucible, Mary Warren … So they searched themselves for 'marks of wickedness' - much Miller explains through his play, The Crucible, how fear spread like a plague during the witch hysteria of 1692. Examples can be found throughout history of governments and leaders falling, after their balances are tipped. The audience can find in John Proctor what Guedo calls “a hero by default.” He is not made of particularly strong moral fibre, but he becomes the hero of the play because he is the one who takes a stand. In his allegory, Arthur Miller illustrates the devastating impact of irrational fear on a community through the actions of the characters of Abigail Williams, Judge Danforth and Judge Hathorne. Fear plays a major role in The Crucible and is the main reason why the village of Salem dealt with the witchcraft incidents so badly. The main conflict in the crucible was the reasoning of the human mind and the irrational fear of hysteria. The play, The Crucible, shows how society reacts to fear when claims about witchcraft are circulated through the village, and the article “Why I Wrote The Crucible” shows how fear of communism makes society paranoid of each other. The response of the Boston Marathon Bombing is an example of mass hysteria like in The Crucible. Irrational and rash decisions of the Salem court cause its loss of credibility, among important members of the community, and its eventual collapse. According to Abraham Lincoln, the United States will not fall from without, but from within. Resource summary. Hysteria causes one to be violent and agitated which, gives uncontrollable fear. Public hysteria is a psychological phenomenon that affects a group of people, resulting in fear or irrational behavior. ” Proctor is denouncing the church leaders, saying that God is absent, or dead, in their minds and lives. Works Cited Miller, Arthur. Many of these tragic events have led to people being immensely afraid. In Arthur Miller’s play, The Crucible, many innocents were wrongfully accused, causing many to be hanged without trial. They go to the court to present a defense for them. During the 1950’s when McCarthyism was causing havoc, Miller, being accused himself, decided to write The Crucible in hopes to illustrate how America was repeating its own terrible history. Through The Crucible, Miller creates an allegory, comparing the Salem witch trials to the Red Scare, emphasizing the downfalls of mass hysteria. Proctor is expressing his thoughts of corruption among them when he exclaims (Miller 1212), “God is dead! freebooksummary.com © 2016 - 2020 All Rights Reserved. The use of witchcraft in the Crucible is, in fact, allegorical — it’s a story that exposes the problems with Miller’s own time and it’s intended to make the point that in Miller’s time people were acting in a similarly irrational and panicked way about Communism, putting people on trial and forcing them into false confessions. Humans have always had an instinct to react with fear to certain situation and in certain ways. events in history so that the events will not be repeated. The irrational and illogical court no longer is doing its duty to protect its people, but rather it is harming them. . Abigail Williams, a seventeen year old orphan being raised by her uncle Revered Parris, is a pivotal character in bringing about irrational fear in the people of Salem through her false accusations and struggle for acceptance. Arthur Miller’s, The Crucible, illustrates parallels between the Salem 17th century witch trials and the Communist Red Scare in the 1950’s to exemplify how destructive irrational fear and mass hysteria can become. In this, personal interpretations. By exploring the text through both socio-political-historical and gender perspectives, the power dynamic between males and females, as well as the suppression of society through fear, may be explored through the text and related to the social, passing by was frowned upon as Arthur Miller describes it in The Crucible. A person with a phobia fears and tries to avoid certain objects, activities or situations. Similarly, the hysterical mindsets of the Salem Witch Trials carried over to modern day Jordan, Minnesota where numerous parents were arrested for allegedly abusing their children during the Jordan Sex Scandal. Luckily, FreeBookSummary offers study guides on over 1000 top books from students’ curricula! This gossip and accusations causes characters in the text to carry out irrational mob minded decisions, although some characters still remain abundant to this. Out, characters in Arthur Miller's play The Crucible. Perspectives on Fear: The Crucible and the McCarthy Era. 1 decade ago. . Topics: Salem witch trials, The Crucible, John Proctor Pages: 3 (906 words) Published: March 22, 2013. The play’s theme of hysteria and fear within average citizens is similar to that created by Joseph McCarthy in 1950, often called McCarthyism. It is evident even at the beginning of The Crucible that authority rests upon fear. In Arthur Miller’s The Crucible, hysteria and fear feed off of the people of Salem Massachusetts. Countless deaths can be attributed to nothing but fear, and many would say that these deaths could have been prevented had reason and logic prevailed. ” 2012. Literary, blown out, but it is the light which the world looks for to find its merit” (Lowell). It sustains many characters to misinterpret the true light in the world but reveal their anguish about how their loss of reputation will impact the effect in their lives. Fear can rule a person which drives them to extreme and irrational acts that can shape society in a negative way. The theme of reputation emerges over many events in The Crucible. 916 Words 4 Pages. After Tituba confesses to witchcraft Abigail panics and does the same by proclaiming (1156), I want to open myself! I saw Bridget Bishop with the Devil! For example, The dancing plague of 1518, The mass hysteria in Brunei, and The Salem Witch trials are outbreaks of mass hysteria. Favorite Answer. The fear promoted the people to, the contribution of hysteria to the breakdown of society, Arthur Miller’s The Crucible depicts the moral trials of Puritan man, John Proctor, as he attempts to save the women of Salem from accusations of witchcraft made by his young mistress, Abigail Williams. Miller uses this public hysteria and fear to create social divisions, and to change the Puritan societal structure. In The Crucible, hysterical fear becomes an unconscious means of expressing the resentment and anger suppressed by strict Puritan society. “We cannot look to superstition in this. In The Crucible, the element of fear caused the people of Salem to act irrationally and the play represents how far people will go to protect themselves and those that they love. Relevance. Many feared the House Un-American Activities Committee, HUAC, this fear spread throughout the country quickly. In Arthur Miller’s play, The Crucible, many innocents were wrongfully accused, causing many to be hanged without trial. He tipped the scale away from values and morals, and eventually led to the collapse of a previously great country. If a person in Salem is accused of witchcraft and is found guilty they will be hanged. Mr. Parris is afraid that his rebellious Parishioners will use Betty’s strange illness to oust him from his position; Abigail fears that Reverend Hale will find out what she did in the forest; so she embarks on an elaborate hoax that almost destroys the village. In this sense, a critical analysis of V for Vendetta compared to The crucible reveals three identifiable elements of fear: irrational fear, fear of getting caught, and the fear of evil, which compliment the in-depth analysis conducted to identify the similarities between these two works under the theme of fear. The “Red Scare” and the Witch Trials both produced mass hysteria as a result of people’s irrational angst. The Court uses fear to coerce Puritan society is founded on fear. An event in history that was impacted by mass hysteria was the Red Scare. Miller explains through his play, The Crucible, how fear spread like a plague during the witch hysteria of 1692. The witch hysteria eventually leads to the crash the court in Salem. Fear in The Crucible ... types of irony to express the degree of absurdity that is present when people are punished for false allegations due to irrational fears. The inability of humans to process what they view as potential fears is what causes irrational fears which have led to situations of mass hysteria, such as in the Salem Witch Trials. ‘The Crucible’ was obviously based on the Salem Witch Trials and was written in 1953. In this sense, a critical analysis of V for Vendetta compared to The crucible reveals three identifiable elements of fear: irrational fear, fear of getting caught, and the fear of evil, which compliment the in-depth analysis conducted to identify the similarities between these two works under the theme of fear. Proctor, Nurse, and Giles’s wives are arrested in a similar way. The Crucible- Fear Causes Irrationality . The Crucible – Mass Hysteria August 26, 2020 by Essay Writer Mass hysteria is a condition affecting a group of people, that is characterized by irrational behaviors or beliefs, or unexplainable causes of illness. Fear of the Devil, and those who compacted with him, effect each person either directly or indirectly in The Crucible, whether or not they believed in the trials. These historical events include but are not limited to, The Holocaust, mass shootings, and 9/11. First produced on Broadway on January 22, 1953, the play was partly a response to the panic caused by irrational fear of Communism during the Cold War which resulted in the hearings by the House Committee on Unamerican Activities. The Red Scare was an event in US history in which everyone was paranoid and scared of being called a communist. dathomasusmc1. The main cause of mass hysteria is fear. These historical events include but are not limited to, The Holocaust, mass shootings, and 9/11. Due to its fear the court is irrationally being lead by a band of scared young girls. In the Arthur Miller play, 'The Crucible,' fear runs rampant through Salem, Massachusetts, resulting in unreasonable accusations and ridiculous behavior. “The Crucible. The Crucible a play composed by American author, Arthur Miller who was many of the accused during the red scare, wrote this play about the town Salem that fell into mass hysteria after a group of girls Abigail Williams, Betty Parris, Ruth Putnam, Tituba and Mary Warren wrongfully, people, and is caused by anxiety, fear or stress. ... Parris" personal motives were fear and ambition. Elizabeth Proctor was taken from her home with very little, substantial evidence against her, besides an accusation by Abigail. An irrational fear generally occurs for no reason which is why it is an irrational fear. To begin, fear is a driving force that pushes people to act in unethical and irrational ways. Whether it is using true facts or having honesty in an individual, this proves that the truth always prevails. Tituba’s confession shows Abigail a way to save herself from accusations, and Abigail’s example leads the other girls to chime in. In the crucible, John Proctor remains with a steady head relating to the trails and accusations, and attempts to mend his own sins through confessing adultery.
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