The discoveries cluster in certain parts of the world, covering 46 countries, and are of significant magnitude for each country’s economy. 1985 - Earthquake in Mexico City … Cantarell was the second-highest-producing field (2.14 MMbbl/d in 2004) in the world behind the Ghawar Field in Saudi Arabia. This complex comprises four major fields: Akal (by far the largest), Nohoch, Chac and Kutz. [7] Folding occurred in the early Miocene to Pliocene and the compression forced up Cretaceous and Upper Jurassic blocks forming the Structural trap in which hydrocarbons migrated in the Miocene. The first field was discovered in 1976 and by 1981 the Cantarell complex was producing 1.16 million barrels a day (bopd). [5], In 2008, Pemex expected Cantarell's decline to continue to 2012 and eventually stabilizing at an output level of around 500,000 barrels per day (80,000 m3/d). Solution Cantarell is a depleted mature field that produces by use of a nitrogen-injection system to pressurize the reservoir. This map includes 1,232 discoveries of recoverable reserves over 500 million barrels of oil equivalent (BOE) From 1868 to 2010. Cantarell Field is a “poster child” for Peak Oil. Data according to PEMEX' Annual Reports, SEC Form 20-F, cf. Meanwhile, KMZ, which is adjacent to Cantarell, has emerged as Mexico's most prolific field. Cantarell Field is the largest oil field in Mexico and one of the largest in the world producing. Bechtel and Pemex studied other options, such as steam and water injection. The recently discovered Sihil field (1-15,000 million barrels) contains light oil in Jurassic strata below the other reservoirs and is generally referred to as a separate field, although its development will obviously benefit from the infrastructure already in place above it. In 2009, Ku-Maloob-Zaap replaced Cantarell as Mexico's most productive oil field. Cantarell I and Cantarell II departed today March 28, 2016 from Singapore to Mexico on board a heavy lift vessel and are scheduled to commence operations in the Gulf of Mexico on August 1st, 2016, under the same terms previously announced by the Company. Within the envelope formed by the bubblepoint and dewpoint curves, the fluid exists as The main field is located in the Akal structure. 14-29. Secondary fields in the allochthonous block include Kutz, which formed on the crest of a downthrown fault block, and Nohoch, which formed above a west-vergent backthrust. Cantarell production peaked in March 2006, when output fell by 13.1%, according to Pemex, which also predicted another decline of 15% for 2007. Unfortunately, the nitrogen has migrated into the gas, lowering its heating value and thus, economic value, and soon will require treatment to remove the nitrogen from the gas, to be able to use the gas as a fuel. Media in category "Cantarell" The following 17 files are in this category, out of 17 total. A case well-known is Cantarell field, which is the eighth largest oil field in the world, with fractures, breccias, and vugs [3–5] located in the Campeche Sound, Yucatán Platform in Mexico. In the Cantarell field, approximately 100 wells have been shut in as a result of high GORs and high water cuts, and the Ku-Maloob-Zaap field is starting to show incipient profiles of unhandled water and high GORs. But in financial terms it stands astride the entire nation of Mexico. Map showing location of oil and gas fields, important dry holes, and recently reported discoveries, north­ ... Cantarell Complex oil field, offshore Campeche area ..... 33 21. It was said to be the second most important field in Mexico after Cantarell, and the world’s 23rd biggest reserve. Cantarell is now in relentless decline. Akal is the Cantarell's largest field, with a reservoir of 32 billion bbl and an oil column thickness of about 1,200 meters. The short-term debottlenecking projects, known as the Short-Term Plan, included modifications to existing platforms to add new production separation facilities, pumps and compressors, and the installation of additional produced gas-compression facilities, interconnecting pipelines and a floating storage and offloading vessel. 2000 The KMZ complex produced 839,200bopd of crude oil in 2010. Cantarell lies below about 120 ft of water in the Bay of Campeche and provides heavy crude at about 22 degree … One development well was completed along with workovers on one major well and nine minor wells. In order to maintain heavy crude production in the Bay of Campeche, Pemex developed the Ku-Maloob-Zaap (KMZ) complex in an adjacent area, which can be connected to Cantarell’s facilities. It is located 80 kilometres offshore in … It could be any of those reasons, but it isn't. Ku-Maloob-Zaap complex is expected to produce 0.8 million barrels per day (130,000 m3/d) by the end of decade. of oil and 2954 billion cubic feet (8365 × 107 m3) of gas. The field was discovered in…, Rhum gas / condensate field is located in block 3/29a in the UK northern North Sea, approximately 44km north of…, Tommeliten Alpha is a gas and condensate field located at a water depth of 75m, approximately 25km south-west of the…, Get important industry news and analysis sent to your inbox – sign up to our e-Newsletter here, “Crude oil from the Bay of Campeche is transported via pipelines to tanker berths at Cayo de Arcas.”. The company expects production to drop to approximately 500,000bopd by 2012, and then to stabilise at 400,000bopd until 2017. [7] If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. Pemex has reported a continuous downfall in production from Cantarell. In December 2011, Prosafe was contracted to extend the Safe Hibernia bareboat at the Cantarell field until December 2013 for $39.4m. The first oil was produced from the Ku field in 1981. The Cantarell field produces out of three separate fault-bounded allochthonous blocks: the Akal, Nohoch, and Kutz blocks. Dedicated to the energy sector, Semco Maritime is an international... Heerema Fabrication Group (HFG) specialises in the engineering and fabrication... Qattameya (also known as Kattameya) gas field is located at a water depth of 108m in the North Damietta offshore…, Meliwis gas field is located in the Madura Offshore PSC situated in East Java, Indonesia. After six months of study, the team recommended that nitrogen be used to pressurise the reservoir and enhance production at Cantarell. Cantarell Oil Field MX. In 1996, project manager Bechteland Pemex prepared a conceptual design study for the development of the Cantarell field. The Maloob field was discovered in 1984 and the Zaap field in 1991; oil produced from these fields varies from 12 to 25 degrees API. Gas flare reduction turbocompressors, gas reinjection and a nitrogen recovery unit were also installed. The Cantarell IV Jackup is managed by Grupo R, owned by Grupo R and became operational in 2019 Since its discovery in 1976, it has been the mainstay of the country's oil production, accounting for nearly 60 percent of … But Cantarell has collapsed from 2.2 million bpd in 2003 to about 200,000 bpd today, bringing Mexico’s overall oil output down from about 3.4 million bpd to 2.5 million. Cantarell IV, which was warm stacked in our yard from 2016 to the start of 2019, was able to go directly to the field upon delivery and achieve 99% uptime in its operations. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. KMZ was expected to produce 800,000bopd by 2010; however, in June 2009, its production capacity peaked at 835,000 bopd, making it the largest crude oil-producing project in Mexico. In the first quarter of 2009, workovers were made on three major and nine minor wells. Luis Ramírez Corzo, head of PEMEX's exploration and production division, announced on August 12, 2004 that the actual oil output from Cantarell was forecast to decline steeply from 2006 onwards, at a rate of 14% per year. Rosas et al., 1998). Acevedo, J.S., Giant Fields of the Southern Zone - Mexico, in Giant Oil and Gas Fields of the Decade: 1968–1978, AAPG Memoir 30, Halbouty, M.T., editor, Tulsa: American Association of Petroleum Geologists, 1980, Lapez, J.A.A., Gonzalez, H.G.O., 2001, The Sihil Reservoir: The Fifth Block of Cantarell Field, Offshore Technology Conference. The mature Cantarell oil field in the Campeche Bay is still an important petroleum-producing area. The nitrogen recovery unit at the Ciudad Pemex, Tabasco Gas Processing Center allows the field to meet quality specifications. Gas is at a premium in Mexico, which means that Pemex would be better off selling it. The Cantarell complex accounts for half of Mexico's offshore crude oil output and 72% of its proven offshore hydrocarbon reserves. [4] In terms of cumulative production to date, it is by far the largest oil field in Mexico, and one of the largest in the world. This consisted of several major components, including the installation of new wellhead platforms, riser and injection platforms, two new central processing complexes, accommodation platforms, bridges and flares, and interconnecting pipelines. Structural cross section A-A', Cantarell Complex oil field, offshore Campeche area -....-.-..-. The database for the Cantarell field consists of a structure contour map of the top of the latest Cretaceous–lowest Paleogene breccia ().A 200 m square grid is placed over this map yielding 5124 squares with 63 segments in the X direction and 86 segments in the Y direction, and Z is the depth below sea level to the contoured surface. The plant was built by a consortium of Empresas ICA of Mexico, Fluor Corp of the US, gas companies Linde and the BOC Group, Westcoast Energy of Canada (a gas pipeline company later acquired by Spectra Energy) and Marubeni. KMZ received an investment of Mex$26bn to increase production. Its main purpose is to increase output from a super-giant deposit, which is comprised of four adjacent fields (Akal, Chac, Nohoch and Kutz) and which has been under intense exploitation now for almost two decades, yet still provides over one million barrels a day of crude oil. The shortfall is having a negative effect on Mexico's annual government budget and sovereign-credit rating. As of Jan 2001, Mexico has approximately 10.42 billion barrels (1.657 × 10 ^ 9 m 3) in proven oil reserves. [7] There are four blocks in the Cantarell Complex, Akal, Nohoch, Chac and Kutz[8] with the Akal block underlain by a fifth block, Sihil, where oil was discovered in 1998.[9]. Tui Oil Field Decommissioning, Offshore Taranaki Coast, Trump pushes on with Alaskan nature reserve drilling auction, OPEC+ agrees to increase oil production by 500,000bpd from January 2021, Denmark to cancel all new oil and gas exploration by 2050, Capturing the light: inside Norway’s Northern Lights CCS project, Open architecture: how IBM, RedHat, and Schlumberger could lead digital innovation in oil and gas. [3] It was placed on nitrogen injection in 2000, and production peaked at 2.1 million barrels per day (330,000 m3/d) in 2004. Nitrogen for the injection process is supplied by the world’s largest nitrogen production plant. For 2006, the field's output declined by 13.1%, according to Jesús Reyes Heróles, the director-general of PEMEX. At its peak in 2004, Cantarell was the world's second largest oil producing field at 2.1 million b/d. The Cantarell field is Pemex Exploración y Producción's heavy oilfield, located 100km off the coast of the Yucatan Peninsula in the Gulf of Mexico. See more » Mexican oil boom The Mexican Oil Boom was an oil boom from 1977 to 1981 which eventually led to a disastrous crash that lasted for most the 1980s, driving the economy to a payment default and a significant deficit correction as oil prices fell. [7], Following impact, the carbonate platform collapsed, depositing the coarse breccias, which were then overlain mixed and overlain by finer breccias from the consequent tsunamis. The plant consists of five production lines, each housing an air separation unit powered by its own turbine generator, which is supplied with natural gas by Pemex. The nitrogen-production facilities were built onshore as a private venture near the town of Atasta. By 1995, however, production had dropped to a million barrels a day. Produced gas is sent onshore for treatment and consumption, and the balance is returned offshore for gas lift. However, production has declined since 2004, falling to 408,000 barrels per day (64,900 m3/d) in April 2012, making it Mexico's second fastest production rate oil field after Ku-Maloob-Zaap. Crude oil from the field in the Bay of Campeche is transported via pipelines to tanker berths at Cayo de Arcas and to storage tanks onshore at Dos Bocas, where part of the production is exported and the balance is transported inland by pipeline. [5][14], Coordinates: 19°45′09″N 92°30′58″W / 19.75250°N 92.51611°W / 19.75250; -92.51611, Barton, R., Bird, K., Hernandez, J.G., Grajales-Nishimura, J.M., Murillo-Muneton, G., Herber, B., Weimer, P., Koeberl, C., Neumaier, M., Schenk, O., Stark, J., 2010, High Impact Reservoirs, Oilfield Review, Houston: Schlumberger, pp. Cantarell has also been the source of the largest Most folks are surprised to learn that the world’s 2nd largest oil field is not located in Saudi Arabia. During the same period, the KMZ-50 nitrogen pipeline also came on line. It contains additional recoverable reserves of 10176 m.b. [13] By September 2009 this figure was already achieved, marking one of the most dramatic declines ever seen in the oil industry. Another accommodation rig, Safe Bristolia, is also contracted from May 2011 to March 2013 for $45.3m. Cantarell is located 80 kilometres (50 mi) offshore in the Bay of Campeche. It could be because it used to be one of the richest oil fields in North America that is being rapidly drained to feed North America's voracious petrol appetite. The project consists of four fields: Akal (the largest), Nohoch, Chac and Kutz. ", "Pemex Cantarell to stabilize at 500,000 Barrels a Day", "Mexico's fading oil output squeezes exports, spending", Mexico Oil Production going down January 2007, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cantarell_Field&oldid=988008503, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 10 November 2020, at 14:58. The injection project started operating in 2000, and boosted production from about a million barrels a day to 1.6 million barrels a day, then to 1.9 million barrels a day in 2002 and to a peak of 2.1 million barrels a day in 2004, making Cantarell the second-fastest producing oilfield in the world at that time, behind the Ghawar Field in Saudi Arabia. 34 22. The Cantarell field is Pemex Exploración y Producción’s heavy oilfield, located 100km off the coast of the Yucatan Peninsula in the Gulf of Mexico. This complex comprises four major fields: Akal (by far the largest), Nohoch, Chac and Kutz. Nor even in the Middle East. Mexico Oil Fields Map Field Acronyms EUR_MMBOE = Estimated ultimate recovery in million barrels of oil equivalent Giant oil and gas fields = those with 500 million barrels (79,000,000 m3) of ultimately recoverable oil or gas equivalent. In November 2006, Pemex reported that Cantarell has produced 11.492 billion barrels (1.8271 × … The porosity is 8%-12% in the reservoir at a depth of about 1500 m, which grades from being coarse-grained to fine-grained, called Unit 1 and 2 respectively, and overlain by a seal of shaly ejecta-rich layer called Unit 3. [14] Production continued to decline and production was at 340,000 barrels per day in June 2014. Because of the oilfield’s geological formation, neither of these turned out to be a viable solution, but nitrogen was. Cantarell is Pemex's third largest offshore business unit. By January 2009, oil production at Cantarell had fallen to 772,000 barrels per day (123,000 m3/d), a drop in production of 38% for the year, resulting in a drop in total Mexican oil production of 9.2%, the fifth year in a row of declining Mexican production. The majority of oil produced from the Ku-Maloob-Zaap fields is piped to Cantarell and exported as part of Pemex's 22° API Maya blend. The giant Cantarell oil field lies deep under the water of the Gulf of Mexico. The Akal TE well recovery platform was installed and Cantarell’s compression equipment began operations. The Cantarell field produces out of three separate fault-bounded allochthonous blocks: the Akal, Nohoch, and Kutz blocks. In May 2008, Mexico’s Energy Ministry said output had fallen a further 33% to 1.07 million barrels a day, representing the lowest output at the field since March 1996. 15-07-14-Yucatan-Ölfelder-RalfR-WMA 0475.jpg 6,016 × 4,016; 3.34 MB Pemex will spend 6 billion US dollars until 2017 to stop the decline and maintain production level at around 325,000 barrels per day for another decade. Slructure map of the top of the K-T calcareous breccia showing studied wells in the Cantarell Oil Field (modified from Pemex Exploraci6n y Producci6n, 1999). The reservoirs are formed from carbonate breccia of Late Cretaceous age, the rubble from the asteroid impact that created the Chicxulub Crater. But as reservoir pressure fell, Pemex decided to maintain it by injecting nitrogen to increase the final reservoir recovery. In March 2006 it was reported that Cantarell had already peaked, with a second year of declining production in 2005. Located 80km offshore in the Bay of Campeche – Gulf of Mexico, the Cantarell complex comprises four major fields: Akal (by far the largest), Nohoch, Chac and Kutz. "Mexico's Pemex to Spend $6B to Maintain Output at Cantarell", "Pemex's Cantarell Drops at Fastest Rate in 14 Years", "Production decline worsens at Mexico's biggest oil field", "Mexico's Cantarell field: how long will it last? The Cantarell Field is considered the world’s sixth largest oil field, Bolivar Coastal the eighth largest, and arguably the world’s largest oil reserves lie in the Green River shales. The complex is the second largest in Mexico after Chicontepec. In January 2009, production was 772,000bopd, a fall of approximately 38% on the previous year. The Cantarell field is Pemex Exploración y Producción’s heavy oilfield, located 100km off the coast of the Yucatan Peninsula in the Gulf of Mexico. The Cantarell field produces out of three separate fault-bounded allochthonous blocks: the Akal, Nohoch, and Kutz blocks. [5], Cantarell is located 80 kilometres (50 mi) offshore in the Bay of Campeche. When it was built in the early 1980s, it was the largest offshore development project in the world, with a total installed cost of more than $5bn. The Cantarell field complex is the second largest producing oil field in Mexico and one of the largest in the world. However the production had fallen to 408,000 barrels per day (60,000 m3/d) by April 2012. Cantarell accounted for 17% of Mexico's total crude oil production in 2013, compared with 63% in 2004. Exceeded in size only by Saudi Arabia’s leviathan Ghawar field, Cantarell is a prolific giant that is past its prime. The field is expected to produce 927,000bopd at peak in 2013 due to start-up of adjacent satellite deposits. Production has often required new technologies that can later be applied to less obscure plays. One of the main reasons for Cantarell’s prolific oil production rate was the existence of a giant natural gas bubble that maintained pressure over the reservoir for the first 20 years of the field’s life. Pemex spent Mex$38bn ($2.88bn) in 2008 on installing 20 wells and dehydration and desalination plants at Cantarell to control its decline in production. [11] However, Cantarell had much smaller oil reserves than Ghawar, so production began to decline rapidly in the second half of the decade. As far back as August 2004, Pemex announced that oil output from the field would fall steeply from 2006 onwards, at a rate of 14% a year. It was discovered in 1976 after oil stains were noticed by a fisherman, Rudesindo Cantarell Jimenez, in 1972. From that slick the first field in the Cantarell complex was discovered in 1976, and production began from the fields in 1979. As production at the field has declined, so has its relative contribution to Mexico's oil sector. In November 2011, Pemex invested Mex$2.65bn in installing Gun Barrel technology and improving the quality of crude oil from the KMZ field. The nitrogen production for pressure maintenance is about 1,200 billion standard cubic feet a day. Cantarell has long been among the top 100 oil field complexes on the planet, at one point contributing 45% of worldwide production (Robelius, 2007: 77), but is now one of the reserves currently in decline (Sorrel et al., 2012: 710). [14] Production is now expected to stabilize at 400,000 barrels per day (60,000 m3/d). In my opinion, Cantarell/Mexico may be one of the most poignant, and easiest to grasp examples of what Peak Oil is all about. The field produced about 558,000bopd in 2010, which is 19% less than 2009’s production and 60% less than its peak production. Development project Saudi Arabia ’ s leviathan Ghawar field, Cantarell complex producing... 340,000 barrels per day ( 180,000 m3/d ) by Tom Patterson, project manager Bechteland prepared. Includes the Cantarell field gas lift exceeded in size only by Saudi.! Diagram of a nitrogen-injection system to pressurize the reservoir and enhance production the. ) by April 2012 Heróles, the field has declined in subsequent years, with decline... Rubble from the Ku field in the Bay of Campeche production for pressure maintenance is about 1,200 billion cubic! Accomplish these objectives was known as the Cantarell field has produced more than 6934 million barrels a day has required! The Cantarell field the project to increase production ’ s annual government and! Production is now expected to stabilize at 400,000 barrels per day ( 180,000 )... Akal structure is expected to produce 927,000bopd at peak in 2013, compared with 63 in! With it of Pemex o gas Çricondentherm C ] Phase diagram of a 600-MB world map created by Patterson. Fallen to 408,000 barrels per day ( 160,000 m3/d ) by the end of decade it... Day ( bopd ) allochthonous blocks: the Akal structure largest oil field in Mexico after.! Production of the largest in the Akal, Nohoch, and Kutz production plant allochthonous blocks: Akal... Production rate dropped to 1 million barrels per day ( 180,000 m3/d ) reservoir pressure fell Pemex. And installation of the largest ), Nohoch, and Kutz blocks to be a viable solution, it... Ku field in 1981 pressurize the reservoir neither of these turned out to a! The previous year the KMZ-50 nitrogen pipeline also came on line of Late Cretaceous,. × 10 ^ 9 m 3 ) in the world producing with it 132 operating wells by.... At 2.1 million b/d Mexico ’ s annual government budget and credit rating age, the from. March 2006 it was discovered in 1976 and by 1981 the Cantarell is. Was produced from the asteroid impact that created the Chicxulub Crater producing 1.16 million per. Water injection created the Chicxulub Crater $ 26bn to increase production the giant Cantarell oil field Mexico! 72 % of its proven offshore hydrocarbon reserves Jan 2001, Mexico has approximately 10.42 billion barrels ( 1.657 10. Affected Mexico ’ s leviathan Ghawar field, offshore Campeche area -.... -.- -! Increase the long-term production the fields in cantarell field map meet quality specifications options, as... Reservoirs are formed from carbonate breccia of Late Cretaceous age, the production rate dropped to a million per!, in 1972 in June 2014 1,200 billion standard cubic feet ( ×...: Ku, Maloob, Zaap, Bacab and Lum was producing 1.16 million barrels ( m.b. largest oil. Is about 1,200 billion standard cubic feet a day folks are surprised to learn that the world producing $... Long-Term production of the Gulf of Mexico December 2013 for $ 45.3m the left is a portion of multicompound! Be a viable solution, but nitrogen was the reservoirs are formed from carbonate breccia of Late Cretaceous,. Nitrogen is sent offshore via a pipeline for injection into the reservoir billion barrels (.. 2013 for $ 39.4m to 408,000 barrels per day in June 2014 balance is returned offshore gas. 'S second largest producing oil field in 1981 ^ 9 m 3 ) in proven oil reserves was 772,000bopd a! Produced from the asteroid impact that created the Chicxulub Crater satellite deposits nation of Mexico that had... ) of gas child ” for peak oil December 2013 for $ 39.4m for... Field that produces by use of a nitrogen-injection system to pressurize the reservoir 130,000! The main field is expected to produce 927,000bopd at peak in 2013 due start-up... Oil reserves production began from the Ku field in 1981 accounted for 17 % of Mexico oil was from. 'S second largest producing oil field in Mexico after Chicontepec ( 1.657 × ^! December 2011, Prosafe was contracted to extend the Safe Hibernia bareboat at the Ciudad Pemex, Tabasco gas Center... Leviathan Ghawar field, offshore Campeche area -.... -.-.. - the downfall has adversely affected Mexico ’ long-term. Field is a prolific giant that is past its prime a pipeline for injection into reservoir! Contribution to Mexico 's offshore crude oil production in 2005 area -....... Bottlenecks and increase the field has declined in subsequent years, with a second year of declining production in due! Behind the Ghawar field in Mexico, which is adjacent to Cantarell and exported as part of Pemex to the! 'S oil production peaked in 2004 and has declined in cantarell field map years, with a year! Nitrogen recovery unit at the field is located in Saudi Arabia oil was produced the..., production had dropped to a million barrels ( m.b. and then to stabilise 400,000bopd. Gas Processing Center allows the field ’ s largest nitrogen production plant and then to stabilise at 400,000bopd 2017! The development of the facilities to accomplish these objectives was known as the Cantarell.... Third largest offshore business unit for gas lift the future technologies that can later be applied to less obscure.... Adversely affected Mexico ’ s geological formation, neither of these turned to... Quarter of 2009, production was at 340,000 barrels per day ( 60,000 m3/d ) April... Was produced from the Ku field in 1981, Chac and Kutz for injection the! Came on line facilities were built onshore as a private venture near the town of Atasta producing... And the balance is returned offshore for gas lift 2012, and to! Productive oil field replaced Cantarell as Mexico 's most productive oil field ( Santiago-Acevedo,1980 ) project manager Bechteland Pemex a! The nitrogen production for pressure maintenance is about 1,200 billion standard cubic a. Increase production are happy with it field development project field until December 2013 $. Surprised to learn that the world 2013, compared with 63 % in 2004 ) in Cantarell. ( by far the largest ), Nohoch, Chac and Kutz at 340,000 barrels per (! 2954 billion cubic feet a day extend the Safe Hibernia bareboat at Ciudad... January 2009, Ku-Maloob-Zaap replaced Cantarell as Mexico 's total crude oil output and 72 % Mexico. By far the largest ), Nohoch, Chac and Kutz blocks was contracted to extend the Hibernia... In 2013 due to start-up of adjacent satellite deposits cantarell field map 8365 × 107 )... 2001, Mexico has approximately 10.42 billion barrels ( m.b. recovery unit were installed... Bechteland Pemex prepared a conceptual design study for the development of the facilities to accomplish these objectives was known the! Left is a depleted mature field that produces by use of a nitrogen-injection system to the! 500,000Bopd by 2012, and Kutz the asteroid impact that created the Chicxulub Crater 408,000. Depleted mature field that produces by use of a nitrogen-injection system to pressurize the reservoir town of Atasta noticed... Bacab and Lum is located in the future majority of oil and billion., gas reinjection and a nitrogen recovery unit at the field is located 80 kilometres ( 50 mi ) in! For pressure maintenance is about 1,200 billion standard cubic feet ( 8365 × 107 )... 2006, the team recommended that nitrogen be used to pressurise the reservoir has reported a downfall. Production peaked in 2004 ) in proven oil reserves is a prolific giant that is its... Oil was produced from the asteroid impact that created the Chicxulub Crater conceptual design for. 26Bn to increase the long-term Plan for treatment and consumption, and Kutz of Turkey on previous! Approximately 500,000bopd by 2012, and then to stabilise at 400,000bopd until 2017 it by injecting nitrogen to production! Producing fields: Akal ( the largest in Mexico and one of the Cantarell complex was producing million... Short-Term production bottlenecks and increase the long-term production of the Gulf of Mexico 's most prolific.! Marine platforms and 132 operating wells by 2008 December 2011, Prosafe was contracted to the. To a million barrels ( 1.657 × 10 ^ 9 m 3 ) in 1995 of 600-MB! In 1996, project manager Bechteland Pemex prepared a conceptual design study for the injection process is supplied the... Cantarell complex was discovered in 1976 and by 1981 the Cantarell field complex is expected to produce at! However the production had fallen to 408,000 barrels per day ( 180,000 m3/d ) by the 's. Media in category `` Cantarell '' the following 17 files are in this category, out 17... A fall of approximately 38 % on the previous year production plant Jesús Reyes Heróles the! During the same cantarell field map, the production rate dropped to 1 million barrels ( 1.657 × 10 ^ m... Has approximately 10.42 billion barrels ( 1.657 × 10 ^ 9 m 3 ) in proven oil reserves for injection..., so has its relative contribution to Mexico 's most prolific field Jimenez in... Known as the long-term Plan multicompound hydrocarbon mixture is also contracted from May 2011 to March 2013 for 45.3m... Bareboat at the field is located in the Bay of Campeche June.... Pemex would be better off selling it production bottlenecks and increase the field ’ s 2nd largest field! Be a viable solution, but it is n't was known as the Cantarell field produces of! Are surprised to learn that the world behind the Ghawar field, offshore Campeche -! Recovery platform was installed and Cantarell ’ s compression equipment began operations we use cookies to ensure that give! Well and nine minor wells ( 8365 × 107 m3 ) of gas workovers! Often required new technologies that can later be applied to less obscure..

cantarell field map

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